1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Orobanche L.
      1. Orobanche ramosa L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, W. & Central Medit. to NE. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Orobanchaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1957

    Habit
    Stem usually slender, simple or branched, pale yellow; scales ovate, dark brown at maturity.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence varying from elongated and interrupted, terminally ± acute, to short, congested and terminally rounded.
    Bracts
    Bracts concolorous with the stem when young.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles lanceolate-filiform, nearly reaching to the tip of the bract.
    Calyx
    Calyx entire but sometimes with a deep dorsal sinus, sessile or the lower ones often stalked, 4-dentate (the dorsal tooth on each side sometimes very reduced); teeth elongate-triangular, or triangular filiform, acute.
    Corolla
    Corolla hairy, concolorously pale mauvish-blue, or with a white throat, or pale yellow with a pale blue limb, half-erect when immature and remaining so later or bent outwards to the horizontal; varyingly constricted above the ovary, thence widening into a rather narrow, funnel-shaped throat; upper lip porrect, shallowly bilobed, the lobes rounded to oval, becoming marginally revolute; lower lip equally trilobed or the central lobe broader, the lobes ovate, rounded or truncate.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted about 3 mm. from the base of the tube.
    Stigma
    Stigmas obscurely lobed, whitish.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid-spheroid, the valves free at the apex when ripe.
    [FWTA]

    Orobanchaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A herb with pale yellow stems about 1 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers mauve-blue or pale yellow with a blue lip
    Ecology
    Parasitic on a wide range of hosts.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krym, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Netherlands

    Introduced into:

    Belarus, Belgium, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Great Britain, Illinois, Kentucky, Kenya, Mali, Namibia, Netherlands, Northern Provinces, Poland

    Orobanche ramosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Graham, R.A. 11245.000
    Graham, R.A. 6527.000
    Wood, J.J. [7], Cyprus 38920.000
    Apr 12, 1996 Gillett, J.B. [15772], Jordan Phelipanche ramosa K000662479

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 633 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Domina, G., Marino, P. & Castellano, G. (2011). The genus Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) in Sicily Flora Mediterranea; Acta Herbsarii Mediterranei Panormitani sub Auspiciis Societas Botanicorum Mediterraneorum "Optima" Nuncupata Edita 21: 205-242.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.

    Not accepted by

    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève. [Cited as Phelipanche ramosa.]
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens. [Cited as Phelipanche ramosa.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Graham in F.T.E.A. Orobanchac. 3, fig. 1, 1-2.
    • G. Beck in Engl. Pflanzenr. 4, 261 Orobanchac. 66 (1930)
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 465
    • Sp. Pl. 633 (1753)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beck in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 261: 66 (1930).
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2): 465 (1906).
    • Guimaraes, Monogr. Orob. Portug.: 65 (1904).
    • G. Beck, Monogr. Orob.: 87 (1890).
    • L., Sp. Pl: 633 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0