1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cortaderia Stapf
      1. Cortaderia jubata (Lemoine) Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to NW. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 200-250 cm long; 3-6 mm diam. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes brown; glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; antrorsely scabrous; glabrous on surface, or puberulous. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades 40-90 cm long; 4-12 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade midrib prominent beneath. Leaf-blade margins ciliate. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Gynodioecious (male, in this context, indicating the bisexual state). Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; ovate; dense; 30-60 cm long; 10-15 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 20-30 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-8 mm long; scabrous. Male inflorescence bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets distinct from female; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 1-1.5 mm long; pilose.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 1-1.5 mm long; pilose.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture; shiny; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-9 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; hyaline; light brown; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 8.5-10 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; light brown; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma linear, or lanceolate; 9-11 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein extending to apex. Lemma lateral veins less than two thirds length of lemma. Lemma surface scaberulous; villous; hairy below. Lemma hairs white; 7-8 mm long. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea lanceolate; 3.2-4 mm long; 0.33 length of lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Palea surface pilose; hairy on flanks. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; ciliate.
    Male
    Male inflorescence bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets distinct from female; glabrous.
    Distribution
    Africa: south. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: north-central. South America: western South America and southern South America.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Conert 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Introduced into:

    California, Cape Provinces, Free State, Hawaii, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Oregon, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

    Cortaderia jubata (Lemoine) Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 11, 1993 Bastion, E. [804], Bolivia K000709729
    Nov 11, 1993 Como, M. [1282/79], Bolivia K000709731
    Nov 1, 1993 Renvoize, S.A. [4066], Bolivia K000709737
    Nov 1, 1993 Renvoize, S.A. [4066], Bolivia K000709738
    Jan 1, 1992 Beck, St. G. [14547], Bolivia K000709736
    Jan 1, 1991 Solomon, J.C. [18338], Ecuador K000709723
    Nov 1, 1988 Renvoize, S.A. [4344], Peru K000709743
    Jan 1, 1988 Solomon, J.C. [16081], Bolivia K000709734
    Jan 16, 1973 Roezl [s.n.], Ecuador K000307978 lectotype
    Jan 16, 1973 Pentland [s.n.], Peru K000709742
    Rico, L. [1258], Bolivia K000295280
    Fiebrig, K. [3043], Bolivia K000709730
    Laudeman, C. [4651], Peru K000709741
    Peterson, P.M. [12665], Bolivia K000709727
    Peterson, P.M. [13923], Peru K000709739
    Peterson, P.M. [14791], Peru K000709740
    Renvoize, S.A. [4207], Bolivia K000709725
    Renvoize, S.A. [4207], Bolivia K000709726
    Renvoize, S.A. [4919], Peru K000709744
    Feuerer, T. [7017b], Bolivia K000709724
    Renvoize, S. [4519], Bolivia K000709732
    Renvoize, S. [4519], Bolivia K000709733
    Steinbach, J. [9493], Bolivia K000709735
    Schulte, M. [89], Bolivia K000709728

    First published in Bot. Mag. 124: t. 7607 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0