1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cortaderia Stapf
      1. Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Asch. & Graebn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to S. Brazil and S. South America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Culms 100-300 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 3-5 mm long. Leaf-blades 60-200 cm long; 3-12 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Dioecious (by loss of viability in bisexual plants), or gynodioecious (male, in this context, indicating the bisexual state). Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; dense; 25-100 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Male spikelets pedicelled. Male inflorescence sometimes bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets distinct from female (glabrous).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 0.5 mm long; pilose.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 0.5 mm long; pilose.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture; shiny. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-14 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 8-14 mm long; 0.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 9-18 mm long; hyaline; pallid, or purple; shiny; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy below. Lemma hairs 4-8 mm long. Lemma apex setaceously attenuate. Palea 0.3 length of lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; ciliate. Staminodes present; 0.1-0.3 mm long.
    Male
    Male inflorescence sometimes bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets distinct from female (glabrous).
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, southwestern, and eastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, southern tropical, and south. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: north-central. North America: southwest USA and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Gould.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil South, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Paraguay, Uruguay

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Angola, Azores, Brazil Northeast, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China Southeast, Colombia, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Georgia, Great Britain, Hawaii, Honduras, Italy, Jawa, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Louisiana, Madeira, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, New Jersey, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Oregon, Philippines, Portugal, Queensland, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, South Australia, South Carolina, Spain, Taiwan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Utah, Venezuela, Victoria, Virginia, Western Australia, Yugoslavia

    Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Asch. & Graebn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1993 Nee, M. [33908], Bolivia K000709796
    Sep 1, 1973 Klein, R.M. [10.788], Brazil K000709647
    Jan 20, 1973 Lorentz, P.G. [732], Argentina K000709859
    Jan 20, 1973 Lorentz, P.G. [78], Argentina K000709860
    Jul 1, 1958 Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K000709645
    Jul 1, 1958 Smith, L.B. [2026], Brazil K000709649
    Jul 1, 1958 illegible [s.n.], Argentina K000709865
    Jul 1, 1958 Morong, T. [950], Paraguay K000709654
    Jul 1, 1958 Lorentz, P. G. [23], Argentina K000709864
    Jul 1, 1958 Gibert, M.E. [s.n.], Uruguay K000709870
    Jul 1, 1958 King, Capt. [s.n.], Uruguay K000709869
    Jul 1, 1958 Berro, M.B. [967], Uruguay K000709868
    Jul 1, 1958 Ayers, B. [s.n.], Argentina K000709867
    Jul 1, 1958 s.coll. [20577], Brazil K000709642
    Jul 1, 1958 s.coll. [11665], Brazil K000709643
    Jul 1, 1958 s.coll. [11665], Brazil K000709644
    Jul 1, 1958 s.coll. [s.n.], Argentina K000709866
    Jul 1, 1958 Corry [s.n.], USA K000709620
    Jul 1, 1958 Fonc. [350], Brazil K000709646
    Jun 1, 1942 Eyerdam, W.J. [23454], Argentina K000709861
    Comber, H.F. [226], Argentina K000709863
    Clayton, W.D. [4706], Brazil K000709648
    Clayton, W.D. [4260], Brazil K000709650
    Clayton, W.D. [4260], Brazil K000709651
    Grubb, P.J. [381], Colombia K000709795
    Hatschbach, G. [58519], Brazil K000709653
    Matthew, K.M. [48173], India K000709531
    Matthew, K.M. [48173], India K000709532
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3684], Brazil K001055184
    Castellanos, A. [24590], Brazil K000709652
    anon. [s.n.], Brazil K000308151 Unknown type material
    Ryves, T.B. [96/CE/130], Chile K000709871
    Mills, A.P. [275], South Africa K000709617
    Goddard, A.W. [s.n.], Saudi Arabia K000709530
    VanMaideren [1253], India K000709533
    Lippmann, M.C. [101], USA K000709618
    Lippmann, M.C. [100], USA K000709621
    Lippmann, M.C. [100], USA K000709622
    Lippmann, M.C. [100], USA K000709623
    Lippmann, M.C. [102], USA K000709624
    Lippmann, M.C. [102], USA K000709625
    Lippmann, M.C. [103], Argentina K000709862
    Bradley, T. [3567], USA K000709619
    Longhi-Wagner [3684], Brazil K001055183

    First published in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 325 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Valdés-Reyna, J. Villaseñor, J.L., Encina-Domínguez, J.A. & Oritz, E. (2015). The grass family (Poaceae) in Coahuila, Mexico: diversity and distribution Botanical Sciences 93: 119-129.
    • Galanos, C.J. (2015). The alien flora of terrestrial and marine ecosystems of Rodos island (SE Aegean), Greece Willdenowia 45: 261-278.
    • Verloove, F. (2013). New xenophytes from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain), with emphasis on naturalised and (potentially) invasive species Collectanea Botanica 32: 59-82.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Valdés-Reyna, J. Villaseñor, J.L., Encina-Domínguez, J.A. & Oritz, E. (2015). The grass family (Poaceae) in Coahuila, Mexico: diversity and distribution Botanical Sciences 93: 119-129.
    • Galanos, C.J. (2015). The alien flora of terrestrial and marine ecosystems of Rodos island (SE Aegean), Greece Willdenowia 45: 261-278.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2012-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0