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This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to S. Brazil and S. South America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine.
Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae)

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Culms 100-300 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 3-5 mm long. Leaf-blades 60-200 cm long; 3-12 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Dioecious (by loss of viability in bisexual plants), or gynodioecious (male, in this context, indicating the bisexual state). Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; dense; 25-100 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Male spikelets pedicelled. Male inflorescence sometimes bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets distinct from female (glabrous).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 0.5 mm long; pilose.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 0.5 mm long; pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture; shiny. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-14 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 8-14 mm long; 0.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 9-18 mm long; hyaline; pallid, or purple; shiny; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy below. Lemma hairs 4-8 mm long. Lemma apex setaceously attenuate. Palea 0.3 length of lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; ciliate. Staminodes present; 0.1-0.3 mm long.
sex Male
Male inflorescence sometimes bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets distinct from female (glabrous).
Distribution
Europe: northern, southwestern, and eastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, southern tropical, and south. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: north-central. North America: southwest USA and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
Reference
Arundineae. Gould.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1000 - 3000 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 1000 - 3000 m.
Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
penacho, pluma, plumón

[UPB]
Use Medicines
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil South, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Paraguay, Uruguay

Introduced into:

Alabama, Angola, Azores, Brazil Northeast, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China Southeast, Colombia, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Florida, France, Georgia, Great Britain, Hawaii, Honduras, Ireland, Italy, Jawa, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Louisiana, Madeira, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, New Jersey, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Oregon, Philippines, Portugal, Queensland, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, South Australia, South Carolina, Spain, Taiwan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Utah, Venezuela, Victoria, Virginia, Western Australia, Yugoslavia

Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Asch. & Graebn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2017 anon. [s.n.], Brazil K000308151 Unknown type material
Nov 1, 1993 Nee, M. [33908], Bolivia K000709796
Apr 3, 1985 Nee, M.; Coimbra, G.; Aguilar, S.; Aguilar, P. [33908], Bolivia K000709796
Mar 4, 1985 Grubb, P.J.; Curry, B.A.B.; Fernandez-Perez, A. [381], Colombia K000709795
Sep 1, 1973 Klein, R.M. [10.788], Brazil K000709647
Jan 20, 1973 Lorentz, P.G. [732], Argentina K000709859
Jan 20, 1973 Lorentz, P.G. [78], Argentina K000709860
Jul 1, 1958 Corry [s.n.], USA K000709620
Jul 1, 1958 s.coll. [20577], Brazil K000709642
Jul 1, 1958 Ayers, B. [s.n.], Argentina K000709867
Jul 1, 1958 King, Capt. [s.n.], Uruguay K000709869
Jul 1, 1958 s.coll. [11665], Brazil K000709643
Jul 1, 1958 Berro, M.B. [967], Uruguay K000709868
Jul 1, 1958 Fonc. [350], Brazil K000709646
Jul 1, 1958 Morong, T. [950], Paraguay K000709654
Jul 1, 1958 Lorentz, P. G. [23], Argentina K000709864
Jul 1, 1958 Smith, L.B. [2026], Brazil K000709649
Jul 1, 1958 s.coll. [11665], Brazil K000709644
Jul 1, 1958 illegible [s.n.], Argentina K000709865
Jul 1, 1958 Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K000709645
Jul 1, 1958 Gibert, M.E. [s.n.], Uruguay K000709870
Jul 1, 1958 s.coll. [s.n.], Argentina K000709866
Jun 1, 1942 Eyerdam, W.J. [23454], Argentina K000709861
Matthew, K.M. [48173], India K000709531
Lippmann, M.C. [102], USA K000709625
Castellanos, A. [24590], Brazil K000709652
VanMaideren [1253], India K000709533
Clayton, W.D. [4260], Brazil K000709650
Lippmann, M.C. [102], USA K000709624
Clayton, W.D. [4706], Brazil K000709648
Bradley, T. [3567], USA K000709619
Longhi-Wagner [3684], Brazil K001055183
Lippmann, M.C. [101], USA K000709618
Lippmann, M.C. [100], USA K000709621
Grubb, P.J. [381], Colombia K000709795
Mills, A.P. [275], South Africa K000709617
Matthew, K.M. [48173], India K000709532
Lippmann, M.C. [103], Argentina K000709862
Clayton, W.D. [4260], Brazil K000709651
Lippmann, M.C. [100], USA K000709623
Hatschbach, G. [58519], Brazil K000709653
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3684], Brazil K001055184
Comber, H.F. [226], Argentina K000709863
Lippmann, M.C. [100], USA K000709622
Goddard, A.W. [s.n.], Saudi Arabia K000709530
Ryves, T.B. [96/CE/130], Chile K000709871
Bolivia K001472260
Bolivia K001472261

First published in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 325 (1900)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Galanos, C.J. (2015). The alien flora of terrestrial and marine ecosystems of Rodos island (SE Aegean), Greece Willdenowia 45: 261-278.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hall, D.W. (2019). Grasses of Florida: 1-353. University press of Florida.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Valdés-Reyna, J. Villaseñor, J.L., Encina-Domínguez, J.A. & Oritz, E. (2015). The grass family (Poaceae) in Coahuila, Mexico: diversity and distribution Botanical Sciences 93: 119-129.
  • Verloove, F. (2013). New xenophytes from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain), with emphasis on naturalised and (potentially) invasive species Collectanea Botanica 32: 59-82.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2020). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 12 Willdenowia 50: 305-341.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.or

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Galanos, C.J. (2015). The alien flora of terrestrial and marine ecosystems of Rodos island (SE Aegean), Greece Willdenowia 45: 261-278.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hall, D.W. (2019). Grasses of Florida: 1-353. University press of Florida.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Valdés-Reyna, J. Villaseñor, J.L., Encina-Domínguez, J.A. & Oritz, E. (2015). The grass family (Poaceae) in Coahuila, Mexico: diversity and distribution Botanical Sciences 93: 119-129.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2020). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 12 Willdenowia 50: 305-341.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2012-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0