1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris bidentula Spruce

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 80 - 200 m.; Amazonia, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Arbusto
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [PW]
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, forming dense clumps of 4-20 or more stems, 1.7-5 m tall, 3-6 cm diam., spiny on internodes. Leaves 3-16; leaf spines distinctly clustered, black, tomentose at first, 3-4(-8) cm long, on sheath, petiole, and abaxial surface of rachis; sheath 10-35 cm long, fibrous on the margins, sheath, petiole, and rachis densely whitish tomentose, glabrescent; ocrea to 30 cm long, becoming fibrous and persistent; petiole 14-53 cm long; rachis 0.5-1.6 m long; pinnae 24-49 per side, irregularly arranged in distant clusters of 2-7, spreading in different planes, linear-lanceolate or oblanceolate, briefly bifid at the apex, with few spines on margins, densely whitish brown-Iepidote abaxially; middle pinnae 16-34 x 2.3-4 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 8-32 cm long, straight to slightly recurved, not spiny; prophyll 9-20 cm long; peduncular bract 22-45 cm long, whitish brown-tomentose with few black spines to 2 cm long; rachis 4-12 cm long; rachillae 20-50, 10-12 cm long, at anthesis densely covered with moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 3-4 mm long; sepal lobes 1-1.5 mm long; petals 3-4 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode minute or absent; pistillate flowers 2.5-3 mm long; calyx cupular, to 1 mm long; corolla tubular, 2.5-3 mm long; staminodes absent;fruits to 2 cm diam., depressed-globose, rostrate, purple-black; mesocarp juicy; endocarp depressed-oblong, the sterile pores displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with cupular, 3-lobed calyx and cupular, scarcely 3-lobed corolla, without staminodial ring.
    Distribution
    Central Amazon region in Colombia (Amazonas), Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure), Peru (Loreto) and Brazil (Amazonas, Mato Grosso, western Pará).
    Vernacular
    Bolivia: chontilla. Brazil: marajá do igapó, marajá do jacaré. Colombia: boo b(o) me g(e) (Miraña). Peru: ñejilla. Venezuela: cubarro, espina.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain forest, along the margins of small, black-water streams or lakes in areas liable to inundation (igapo), or along margins of white water rivers, at 125-200 m elevation. The lower parts of the stems are often completely submerged during high water.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela

    Bactris bidentula Spruce appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1950 Spruce, R. [s.n.] K000526386 Unknown type material
    May 1, 1950 Spruce, R. [s.n.] K000526387 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 146 (1869)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0