1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris brongniartii Mart.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 10 - 240 m.; Amazonia, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Arbusto, palma cespitosa
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [PW]
    Vernacular
    Bolivia: marayaú. Brazil: marajá, marajá de cacho, marajá pupunha, maraja'i (Arawete), maraja 'y (Ka'apor), maria-ci (Guajá), maria-wa (Guajá), tucum bravo. Colombia: cachepai montañero, cubarra, maradai. Guyana: bango palm. Peru: ñejilla. Venezuela: caña negra, cubarro, komora (Yanomami).
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, often forming large clumps by rhizomes, 3-6(-9) m tall, 3-6(-8) cm diam., spiny on internodes. Leaves 4-7; leaf spines somewhat clustered, yellowish or yellowish brown, black at base and apex, strongly flattened, spinulose and tomentose, to 4 cm long, dense on lateral surfaces of sheath and petiole, fewer on abaxial surface of rachis; sheath 30-60 cm long; ocrea to 15 cm long; petiole 10-70(-120) cm long; rachis 0.9-1.7 m long; pinnae (10-)23-34 per side, irregularly arranged in clusters of 2-5, spreading in different planes, linear-lanceolate, strongly plicate, with small spines on margins; middle pinnae 45-78 x 3.5-7cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 20-60 cm long, recurved, spiny; prophyll 10-40 cm long; peduncular bract 25-62(-105) cm long, sparsely to moderately covered with flattened, yellowish spines to 2 cm long; rachis (3-)8-15 cm long; rachillae 15-33, 15-30 cm long, densely covered at anthesis with brown, moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 3.5-4.5 mm long, deciduous; sepal lobes 1-2 mm long; petals 3.54 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode small or absent; pistillate flowers to 3 mm long; calyx 2.5-3 mm long, tubular; corolla 2.5-3 mm long, tubular; staminodial ring adnate basally to corolla;fruits 1.3-1.7 cm diam., depressed-globose, purple-black, somewhat browntomentose; mesocarp juicy; endocarp depressed-oblong or depressed-globose, the sterile pores displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers free, numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with irregularly lobed calyx half as long as the irregularly lobed corolla, staminodial ring present.
    Habitat
    Almost always on river margins or in seasonally inundated areas, at 10-350 m elevation.
    Distribution
    Throughout the Amazon region and adjacent areas in Colombia (Antioquia, Bolívar, Caquetá, Chocó, Guaviare, Meta, Santander), Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoátegui, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro), the Guianas, Peru (Loreto, Ucayali), Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sui, Pará, Rondonia, Roraima), and Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz);
    [PW]
    Use
    The fruits are sold in local markets for the sweet mesocarp (Beck 297).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

    Bactris brongniartii Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in A.D.d'Orbigny, Voy. Amér. Mér. 7(3): 59 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0