1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris caryotifolia Mart.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (SE. Bahia to Rio de Janeiro).

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Atlantic coastal forest of Brazil (Bahia, Espfrito Santo, Rio de Janeiro); lowland rain forest at 1-550 m elevation.
    Vernacular
    Brazil: coqueirinho, tucum, tucumrabo-de-peixe
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, in small clumps, 1-1.5 m tall, 12 diam. Leaves 10-12; leaf spines solitary, scattered, yellowish brown, black at base and apex, terete or slightly flattened, to 5 cm long, on lateral surfaces of sheath, petiole, and rachis; sheath 11-15 cm long, sheath, petiole, and rachis often gray-tomentose; ocrea not seen; petiole 20-37 cm long; rachis 45-90 cm long; pinnae 11-13 per side, irregularly arranged in clusters of 2, spreading in different planes, wedge shaped, with praemorse apical margins, gray abaxially; middle pinnae 9-18 x 6-10.5 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 6-15 cm long, recurved, spiny or not spiny; prophyll 10-14 cm long; peduncular bract 15-20 cm long, densely gray-or brown tomentose and covered with black or yellow spines to 1.5 cm long; rachis 3.5-12 cm long; rachillae 4-7, 2-11 cm long, not seen at anthesis; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers to 3.5 mm long; sepal lobes to I mm long; petals to 3.5 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers to 4 mm long; calyx cupular, to 3.5 mm long; corolla cupular, to 3.5 mm long; staminodes present or absent; fruits 1-1.8 cm diam., globose to obovoid, purple-black; mesocarp juicy; endocarp turbinate, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with short, lobed calyx and longer, briefly lobed corolla, without staminodial ring.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast

    Bactris caryotifolia Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1877 Burchell [924], Brazil K000526381 Unknown type material

    First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 2: 106 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0