1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris fissifrons Mart.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. South America to NW. Brazil.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Western Amazon region in Colombia (Amazonas, Putumayo, Vaupes), Ecuador (Napo, Sucumbfos), Peru (Loreto) and Brazil (western Amazonas)
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, forming small clumps of up to 10 or more stems, 1.7-3 m tall, 1-3 cm diam. Leaves 4-12; leaf spines somewhat clustered, black or dark brown, terete, to 4 cm long, moderate on lateral surfaces of sheath, dense on adaxial surfaces of petiole, usually absent from rachis; sheath 22-50 cm long; ocrea to 15 cm long, entire and persistent; petiole 28-44 cm long; rachis 0.4-1.1 m long; pinnae 2-3(-24) per side, irregularly arranged in clusters or almost regularly arranged, spreading in the same or slightly different planes, Iinear-lanceolate, with long, filamentous apex, the basal and apical pinnae usually much wider than the others and widely separated, with small spines on margins, with prominent veins adaxially; middle pinnae 33-58 x 2.5-10 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 10-25 cm long, recurved, not spiny; prophyll 14-23 cm long; peduncular bract 22-35 cm long, striate abaxially, sparsely to moderately covered with black spines to 1.5 cm long; rachis 0-3.5 cm long; rachillae 2-5(-7),12-17 cm long, to 5 mm diam. in fruit; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers, the bracteoles prominent; staminate flowers 5.5-7.5 mm long, deciduous; sepal lobes 1.5-3 mm long; petals 5.5-6.5 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers to 7.5 mm long; calyx tubular, 3-5 mm long; corolla tubular, 3-5.5 mm long, minutely spinulose; fruits 2-3 x 1.5-2 cm, obovoid or pyriform, elongaterostrate, yellowish, becoming purple-black, glabrous or minutely spinulose at apex; mesocarp juicy; endocarp obovoid, the sterile pores displaced longitudinally, the fertile pore displaced latitudinally; endocarp fibers free, numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with irregularly lobed calyx and irregularly lobed, glabrous or minutely spinulose corolla, without staminodial ring.
    Vernacular
    Colombia: chontilla, cubarro, sitanó (Andoke), yachoro. Ecuador: chontilla del selva, huati-wí (Siona). Peru: ca-újico (Bora).
    Habitat
    Lowland forest in well-drained areas, especially on river terraces, at 100-265 m elevation.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 80 - 300 m.; Amazonia, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena.
    Habit
    Arbusto, palma cespitosa
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Bactris fissifrons Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [895], Amazonas K000462358
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [896], Amazonas K000462356
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [896], Amazonas K000462357
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [895], Amazonas K000462359
    Trail, J.W.H. [897], Amazonas K000462360 holotype
    Trail, J.W.H. [1106], Amazonas K000462354
    Trail, J.W.H. [1106], Amazonas K000462355
    Trail, J.W.H. [897], Amazonas K000462361 holotype

    First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 2: 103 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0