1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris mexicana Mart.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Central America.

    [PW]

    ,

    General Description
    Stems cespitose, 2-3(-5) m tall, 2-3.5 cm diam., usually spiny on internodes. Leaves 5-7; leaf spines scattered, or occasionally somewhat clustered, black, terete, to 7 cm long, moderate on sheath, fewer on lateral surfaces of petiole and abaxial surface of rachis, or absent from petiole and rachis; sheath 20-37 cm long; ocrea to 10 cm long; petiole 35-100 cm long; rachis 0.8-1.5 m long; pinnae 8-29 per side, irregularly arranged in clusters, spreading in different planes, or regularly arranged (but with gaps) and spreading in the same plane, linear to sigmoid, narrowed at base, aristate, glabrous or sparsely to densely pubescent abaxially, the margins often spinulose with 3 mm long, straight spinules; middle pinnae (30-)45-60 x 2-5 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 6-15 cm long, recurved, spiny; prophyll 9-14 cm long, 2-4 cm wide; peduncular bract 19-25(-30) cm long, 3-5 cm wide, densely covered with short black spines to 1 cm long; rachis 1.2-6.5 cm long; rachillae 12-36, 8-16 cm long, at anthesis densely covered with brown or white, moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 2-4.5 mm long; sepal lobes 1 mm long; petals 3-4 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 3-5 mm long; calyx cupular, to 1 mm long; corolla tubular, 3-4 mm long; staminodes 6, minute, or absent?, fruits 0.8-1.2 x 0.9-1.2 cm, obovoid, bluntly rostrate, orange; mesocarp mealy; endocarp turbinate, pitted on top, the sterile endocarp pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers few; fruiting perianth with minutely 3-lobed calyx and truncate to crenate corolla, without staminodial ring.
    Distribution
    Mexico to Nicaragua, lowland rain forest below 600 m elevation

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua

    Bactris mexicana Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in A.D.d'Orbigny, Voy. Amér. Mér. 7(3): 65 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0