1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris oligocarpa Barb.Rodr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Guianas to N. Brazil.

    [PW]

    ,

    Distribution
    Central and eastern Amazon region in French Guiana, Suriname, and Brazil (Amapá, Amazonas, Pará), lowland rain forest on terrafirme, at 50-700 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems solitary or occasionally cespitose, 0.2-1.5 m tall, 0.8-1 cm diam., occasionally short and subterranean. Leaves 4-15; leaf spines scattered, black, terete, to 3 cm long, few on sheath and lateral surfaces of petiole, absent from rachis, or occasionally spines absent; sheath 5-15 cm long; ocrea to 8 cm long; petiole 22-50 cm long; rachis 8-30 cm long; blade usually simple or with 2-4 pinnae per side, then the apical pinna much wider than the others, sigmoid; middle pinnae 20-33 x 3-8 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar, occasionally all staminate; peduncle 6-13 cm long, straight, not spiny; prophyll 5-7 cm long; peduncular bract 10-16 cm long, sparsely covered with spines or spines absent; rachis absent; rachilla 1, 2-3 cm long, glabrous at anthesis; triads regularly arranged; staminate flowers 5-6 mm long, persistent; sepal lobes 2 mm long; petals 5-6 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 3-4 mm long; calyx tubular, to 3 mm long; corolla tubular, to 3 mm long; staminodial ring adnate to the corolla, to 2 mm long; fruits 1.7-2 x 1-1.5 cm, widely ovoid, purple-black; mesocarp juicy; endocarp ellipsoid, the sterile pores displaced longitudinally, the fertile pore displaced latitudinally; endocarp fibers free, numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with short calyx and much longer, irregularly-lobed corolla, with staminodial ring.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, French Guiana, Suriname

    Bactris oligocarpa Barb.Rodr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2005 de Granville, J.J. [16860], French Guiana K000462804
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [1112], Brazil K000584927 holotype
    Jan 1, 1991 de Granville, J.J. [11557], French Guiana K000462805
    Trail, J.W.H. [1113], Brazil K000584926 holotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [1114], Brazil Bactris oligocarpa var. brachycaulis K000584928 holotype

    First published in Enum. Palm. Nov.: 28 (1875)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0