1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris pilosa H.Karst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to NW. Venezuela and Ecuador.

    [PW]
    Vernacular
    Colombia; lata macho. Panama: sansagarra (Embera), uvita. Venezuela: albarico, chirime.
    Distribution
    S. Panama, Colombia, W Venzuela and Ecuador, W of the Andes. Distribution in Ecuador. In Ecuador the species is known only from semi-deciduous forest on the coastal lowlands. Eastern Panama (Darién), Colombia (Antioquia, Bolívar, Chocó, Córdoba, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Sucre, Tolima), Venezuela (Táchira, Zulia), and Ecuador (Los Ríos); lowland forest at 100-830 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems usually clustered, many together, 2-10 m tall, , 2.5-4 cm in diameter. Leaf blade 1.2-2.2 m long; pinnae 59-68 per side, regularly arranged or grouped, spreading on one or several planes, the central ones 27-47 cm long and 1.5-2.2 cm wide. Inflorescence 20-40 cm long with 6-26 branches, 13-25 cm long. Female flowers scattered along the branches, with urceolate calyx greatly exceeding the corolla in length; staminodial ring absent. Fruit purple-black, flattened at top, rostrate, covered with short spinules, 1-2 cm in diameter. Stems usually cespitose, rarely solitary, forming large, dense clumps, 2-10 m tall, 2.5-4 cm diam., spiny on internodes. Leaves 4-8; leaf spines somewhat clustered, yellowish brown or black, darker at base and apex, or black, terete, to 5 cm long, dense on sheath and lateral, adaxial surfaces of petiole, fewer on abaxial surface of rachis; sheath 20-80 cm long, sheath, petiole,and rachis brown-tomentose; ocrea to 10 cm long; petiole 28-60 cm long; rachis 1.2-2.2 m long; pinnae 59-68 per side, regularly or irregularly arranged (and then with gaps), spreading in the same or different planes, linear, aristate, slightly to densely pilose on adaxial and abaxial surface; middle pinnae 27-47 x 1.5- 2.2 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 14- 35 cm long, recurved, spiny; prophyll 16-18 cm long; peduncular bract 27-47 cm long, brown-tomentose, densely covered with soft, appressed, brown spines, with longer, black spines intermixed; rachis 4-6 cm long; rachillae 6- 26, 13-25 cm long, at anthesis not seen; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 3-5.5 mm long; sepal lobes 1-1.5 mm long; petals 3-5 mm long; stamens 5-6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 3-6 mm long; calyx cupular, 3-5 mm long, spinulose or glabrous; corolla urceolate, to 4.5 mm long, lepidote; staminodes absent; fruits 1.3-2.5 x 1-2 cm, depressed obovoid, rostrate, purple-black, covered with short spinules; mesocarp juicy; endocarp turbinate, the sterile pores displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with spinulose calyx longer than the corolla, without staminodial ring.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Arbusto, palma cespitosa
    Conservation
    Casi Amenazada
    [PW]
    Use
    The stems are used in construction (Bernal & Galeano 405).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá, Venezuela

    Bactris pilosa H.Karst. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Linnaea 28: 405 (1857)

    Accepted by

    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000
    • Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0