1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris plumeriana Mart.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Hispaniola.

    [PW]

    ,

    Vernacular
    Haiti: coco macaque.
    Distribution
    Hispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic), submontane rain forest on slopes, or savannas, at 20-500 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, 4-10 m tall, 5-9 cm diam., spiny on internodes. Leaves 6-9; leaf spines somewhat clustered, black, to 3 cm long, often in 3 longitudinal rows on petiole, on abaxial surface of rachis, fewer on adaxial surface; sheath to 40 cm long; ocrea not seen; petiole 30-90 cm long; rachis 0.8-2 m long; pinnae 46-67 per side, irregularly arranged in obscure clusters, spreading in different planes, linear, unequally bifid with midrib terminating subapically, spinulose along the margins; middle pinnae 35-39 x 1.7-2 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 10-19 cm long, recurved, spiny; prophyll 12-16 cm long; peduncular bract 30-48 cm long, moderately to densely covered with black spines to 3 cm long; rachis 7-15 cm long; rachillae 28-45, 15-17 cm long, at anthesis covered with brown, moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers ca. 2 mm long; sepal lobes to 1 mm long; petals to 2 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode small; pistillate flowers 1.5-3.5 mm long; calyx annular, 0.5-1 mm long; corolla cupular, 1-2 mm long; staminodes absent; fruits 1.3-1.5 cm diam., depressed-globose, red; mesocarp mealy or oily; endocarp turbinate, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers absent; fruiting perianth with small calyx and three-angled, 2 mm long corolla, without staminodial ring.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Dominican Republic, Haiti

    Bactris plumeriana Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wilson [s.n.], Jamaica K000520346
    Wagener [s.n.], Venezuela K000520348

    First published in A.D.d'Orbigny, Voy. Amér. Mér. 7(3): 64 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0