1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris setosa Mart.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Brazil.

    [PW]

    ,

    Distribution
    Atlantic coastal rain forest of Brazil and adjacent areas (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo).
    Vernacular
    Brazil: mané véio, mané velho, tucum, tucum branco, tucum de brejo.
    Habitat
    Low, open, swampy areas, often occurring in standing water, at 50-300 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, forming large clumps, 1.5-6 m tall, 3-4 cm diam., densely spiny on internodes. Leaves 2-5; leaf spines scattered or tending to be clustered, somewhat flattened, brownish or yellowish and black at the base and apex, to 6 cm long, on sheath, lateral surfaces of petiole, and abaxial surface of rachis; sheath 20-30 cm long, fibrous on the margins, sheath, petiole, and rachis brown-tomentose; ocrea to 30 cm long; petiole 0.2-1.1 m long; rachis 0.7-1.5 m long; pinnae 30-57 per side, regularly arranged but with gaps, spreading in different planes, linear to linear-lanceolate, asymmetrically and briefly bifid subapically, spinulose along the margins; middle pinnae 30-60 x 2-3.7(-4.5) cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 13-33 cm long, recurved, not spiny; prophyll 10-22 cm long; peduncular bract 23-60 cm long, brown-tomentose, moderately covered with yellow to black spines to 1.1 cm long; rachis 9-20 cm long; rachillae 12-27, 4-14 cm long, at anthesis densely covered with moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 4.5-6 mm long; sepal lobes 1.5-2 mm long; petals 4.5-6 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 5.5-6 mm long; calyx cupular, 1-2 mm long; corolla urceolate, 5-5.5 mm long; staminodes 6; fruits 1.5-2 cm diam., depressed-globose, purple-black; mesocarp juicy; endocarp depressed-oblong, the sterile pores markedly displaced longitudinally to one end; endocarp fibers numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with 3-lobed calyx and longer, entire or irregularly split-margined corolla, without staminodial ring.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Bactris setosa Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17856], Brazil Bactris escragnollei K000584805 isotype

    First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 2: 94 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0