1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris sphaerocarpa Trail

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Peru and NW. Brazil.

    [PW]

    ,

    Distribution
    Western Amazon region of Colombia (Amazonas), Peru (Loreto, Madre de Dios), and Brazil (Acre, Amazonas), lowland rain forest on terra firme, at 150-400 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, 0.5-1.5 m tall, 0.8-1.5 cm diam. Leaves 9-13; leaf spines scattered, black, terete, to 3 cm long, few on sheath, petiole, and rachis, or sometimes absent; sheath 11-18 cm long; ocrea to 10 cm long; petiole 10-28 cm long; rachis 18-55 cm long; blade simple, deeply bifid apical ly and narrowly cuneate basally, or pinnate with pinnae 2-3 per side, sigmoid, with long, filamentous, minutely spinulose apex, the apical one wider than and well separated from the others; blade to 50(-80) cm long and 15 (-20) cm wide at apex of rachis, pinnate leaves with middle pinnae 18-27 x 3-4 cm. Inflorescences inter-foliar; peduncle ca. 6 cm long, recurved to straight, not spiny; prophyll 8-9 cm long; peduncular bract 10-17 cm long, not spiny or usually spiny with short, flattened, brown or black spines to 0.3 cm long; rachilla 1, 3-5 cm long, at anthesis densely covered with brown trichomes; triads regularly arranged almost throughout rachilla; staminate flowers 5-6 mm long; sepal lobes 1-2 mm long; petals 5-6 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 3.5-4 mm long; calyx tubular, 3-4 mm long; corolla tubular, 3-4 mm long; staminodes minute or absent; fruits to 2.5 x 1.7 cm, broadly obovoid, prominently rostrate, purple-black; mesocarp juicy; endocarp turbinate, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with lobed calyx half as long as the lobed corolla, without staminodial ring.
    Vernacular
    Brazil: marajá, marajazinha. Peru: kamáncha (Achual Jívaro), ñejilia.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 300 - 800 m.; Amazonia.
    Habit
    Subarbusto, arbusto, palma cespitosa
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Colombia, Peru

    Bactris sphaerocarpa Trail appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1997 Trail, J.W.H. [899], Brazil K000584914
    Jan 1, 1997 Trail, J.W.H. [903], Brazil K000584916
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [898], Brazil K000584913 holotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [901], Brazil Bactris sphaerocarpa var. schizophylla K000584906 holotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [844], Brazil Bactris sphaerocarpa var. platyphylla K000584908 holotype
    Trail, J.W.H. [902], Brazil Bactris sphaerocarpa var. minor K000584907 holotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Trail, J.W.H. [906], Brazil Bactris sphaerocarpa subsp. pinnatisecta K000584912 holotype

    First published in J. Bot. 14: 356 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0