1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris vulgaris Barb.Rodr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (E. Bahia to Paraná).

    [PW]

    ,

    Distribution
    Atlantic coastal forest of Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo), lowland rain forest on non-flooded soils, 50-100 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems cespitose and forming clumps, 1-3(-5) m tall, 2-4 cm diam., spiny. Leaves 4-10; leaf spines somewhat clustered, black, terete, spinulose, to 9 cm long, dense on sheath and lateral surfaces of petiole fewer on abaxial surface of rachis; sheath 20-25 cm long, fibrous on the margins; ocrea to 17 cm long; petiole 12-98 cm long; rachis 0.6-1.8 m long; pinnae 21-49 per side, irregularly arranged in clusters spreading in different planes, linear-lanceolate, spinulose along the margins, whitish tomentose and usually setose abaxially; middle pinnae 20-69 x 1.7-4 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 6-32 cm long, recurved, spiny; prophyll 16-35 cm long; peduncular bract 15-50 cm long, moderately to densely covered with appressed, black or yellowish spines to 1 cm long; rachis 9-22 cm long; rachillae 6-29, 4.5-14 cm long, at anthesis densely covered with moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 5-5.5 mm long; sepal lobes 1.5-2 mm long; petals 5-5.5 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 3-6 mm long; calyx cupular, 1-2 mm long; corolla tubular, 3-6 mm long, spinulose, tomentose; staminodes minute, digitate, or absent; fruits 1.8-3 cm diam., depressed-globose or obovoid, yellow, becoming purple-black; mesocarp juicy; endocarp turbinate, the pores more or less equally spaced; endocarp fibers numerous, free, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with minute calyx and spinulose, lobed corolla, without staminodial ring.
    Vernacular
    . Brazil: airi-mirim, tucum, tucum preto.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Bactris vulgaris Barb.Rodr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [20020], Brazil Bactris polyclada K000584923 holotype

    First published in Prot.-App. Enum. Palm. Nov.: 42 (1879)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0