1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus gibbsianus Becc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak).

    [PW]
    Distribution
    In Sarawak known only from one collection from the Kelabit Highlands. Elsewhere in montane forest on Kinabalu and the Crocker Range at elevations of 1400-3000m.
    General Description
    Slender clustering montane rattan climbing to 8 m, rarely more, very rarely ± stemless; stem without sheaths 4-8 mm diam., with sheaths 7-30 mm diam., internodes short, rarely exceeding 10 cm. Sheaths dull mid to dark green, sparsely to densely armed with pale green spines to 7 mm, occasionally also with minute spicules arranged in partial whorls, sheaths and spines all densely covered in brown indumentum; knee conspicuous; ocrea inconspicuous to well developed, armed with groups of spicules or bristles. Flagellum to 1 m, rarely absent. Leaf ecirrate, onclimbing stems to 70 cm, more in stemless forms; petiole 3-18 cm, sparsely to densely armed; rachis covered with rusty-brown hairs; leaflets regularly arranged, 6 - 20 on each side of the rachis, distant to crowded, lanceolate, mid-leaf leaflets 45 -200 x 7 - 25 mm, usually very densely covered with minute spine-like papillae or short bristles on the undersurface and occasionally also on the upper surface, always with a dense tuft of orange to red-brown hairs on the undersurface at the leaflet base. Inflorescence usually to c. 1m long, with 1-4 partial inflorescences to c. 10 cm, strongly recurved and bearing short recurved rachillae, large conspicuous bracteoles and relatively large flowers. Mature fruit spherical to ovoid, to 16 x 12 mm, tipped by a short beak to 1 x 1 mm and covered in 15 - 18 vertical rows of pale brown, black-edged scales; seed ovoid to ± oblong, to 14 x 7 mm, deeply pitted and grooved; endosperm subruminate. Seedling leaf pinnate with c. 6 leaflets (Fig. 56).
    [PW]
    Use
    In Sabah used for general tying and weaving by successive expeditions to Kinabalu.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus gibbsianus Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 5, 1995 Awa [S51117], Malaysia K000113331
    Jan 1, 1995 Beaman, J. [11471], Malaysia K000113343
    Nov 30, 1992 Awa [S50800], Malaysia K000113348
    Aug 19, 1992 de Vogel, E. [8155A], Malaysia K000113326
    Feb 1, 1989 Ching [S44494], Malaysia K000113325
    Dec 22, 1983 Jukian [SNP0196], Malaysia K000113329
    Dec 30, 1980 Argent, G. [1153], Malaysia K000113349
    Dec 30, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5683], Malaysia K000113352
    Dec 30, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5525], Malaysia K000113353
    Dec 30, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5526], Malaysia K000113334
    Dec 30, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5669], Malaysia K000113335
    Dec 30, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5674], Malaysia K000113336
    Dec 30, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5682], Malaysia K000113337
    Dec 30, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5668], Malaysia K000113338
    Dec 30, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5677], Malaysia K000113339
    Dec 30, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5670], Malaysia K000113356
    Jul 14, 1976 Cockburn [SAN76812], Malaysia K000113330
    Apr 29, 1975 Allen [AK664], Malaysia K000113333
    Apr 29, 1975 Chew [RSNB4461], Malaysia K000113355
    Mar 13, 1975 Price [201], Malaysia K000113300
    Mar 13, 1975 Endert [4521], Malaysia K000113328
    Mar 12, 1975 Chew [RSNB4520], Malaysia K000113351
    Mar 12, 1975 Chew [199], Malaysia K000113303
    Mar 12, 1975 Chew [788], Malaysia K000113299
    Mar 12, 1975 Jacobs [5711], Malaysia K000113301
    Mar 12, 1975 Clemens [30524], Malaysia K000113350
    Mar 12, 1975 Clemens [29196], Malaysia K000113354
    Mar 12, 1975 Clemens [29198a], Malaysia K000113304
    Mar 12, 1975 Clemens [31910], Malaysia K000113306
    Mar 12, 1975 Clemens [29200], Malaysia K000113305
    Mar 12, 1975 Clemens [29197], Malaysia K000113327
    Mar 12, 1975 Meijer [SAN21037], Malaysia K000113302
    Mar 12, 1975 Meijer [SAN20360], Malaysia K000113332
    Jan 6, 1975 Clemens [31785], Malaysia K000113307
    Mar 12, 1973 Clemens [31722], Malaysia K000113308
    Jan 1, 1973 Chew [RSNB4159], Malaysia K000113340
    Apr 28, 1972 Meijer [SAN34615], Malaysia K000113341
    Clemens, J. [29198], Sabah K000113309 isotype
    Clemens [31438], Malaysia K000113342
    Wong [WKM2642], Malaysia K000114277
    Gambating [SAN114236], Malaysia K000113346
    Soibeh [614], Malaysia K000113347
    Salick [9012], Indonesia K000521725

    First published in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 11(App.): 58 (1913)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Sarawak. 1992

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0