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  1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Desmoncus Mart.
      1. Desmoncus chinantlensis Liebm. ex Mart.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Nicaragua.

    General Description
    Plants 8.1(2.5-20.0) m tall; stems 2.5(1.4-3.8) cm diameter, solitary or clustered. Leaf petioles 2.2(0.5-4.7) cm long; rachises 108.0(96.0-128.0) cm long, 10.5(5.7-15.0) mm wide, the spines usually >1 cm long, mostly adaxial or lateral, straight with briefly swollen bases; pinnae 23(18-35) per side of rachis, without long, filiform apices, with an adaxial beard of spines at the bases, without spinules or dense tomentum at the bases adaxially; basal pinna 21.6(7.5-31.0) cm long, 1.9(1.0-2.5) cm wide; cirri well-developed, with acanthophylls, without spines abaxially, with intermediate acanthophylls present, without a wide gap between pinnae and acanthophylls. Inflorescences with the rachis ridged, not twisted, much thicker than the numerous, closely spaced and spirally or irregularly arranged rachillae, each rachilla not or only briefly adnate to the rachis, subtended by an acute bracteole and with a well-developed axillary pulvinus; peduncles 7.2(5.0-13.1) mm wide; peduncular bracts 37.3(26.5-69.0) cm long, broad, the surfaces ribbed, brown tomentose, sparsely to densely covered with long, straight or sinuous, briefly swollen-based, diagonally or vertically oriented spines, these flattened or triangular in cross-section, whitish-brown proximally, black or brown distally, with tomentose margins; rachillae 38(28-43), glabrous or scarcely tomentose initially; proximal rachillae 13.0(9.0-19.0) cm long, 1.2(0.9-1.7) mm wide; stamens 9(8-11); fruits 15.2(12.1-18.6) mm long, 12.7(10.3- 16.2) mm wide, the surfaces uneven with numerous, subepidermal, short, often branching (Y-shaped) fibers; fruiting corollas less than one quarter as long as fruits, splitting irregularly into 3 lobes, the lobes often splitting again; endocarps globose to obovoid with rounded or slightly peaked apices, the pores lateral.
    From 13°03'-18°35'N and 84°5896°24'W in southern Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, and Veracruz), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua at 187(10-550) m elevation in lowland rainforest, often in limestone areas



    Native to:

    Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua


    Other Data

    Desmoncus chinantlensis Liebm. ex Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Liebmann [s.n.], Mexico K000526434 isotype
    Liebmann [s.n.], Mexico K000526435 isotype
    Liebmann [s.n.], Mexico K000526436 isotype


    First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 321 (1853)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. [Cited as Desmoncus orthacanthos.]
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. [Cited as Desmoncus orthacanthos.]


    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    • Henderson, A., A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) in Phytotaxa 35. 2011


    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License