Skip to main content
  1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Desmoncus Mart.
      1. Desmoncus prunifer Poepp. ex Mart.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru (Loreto).

    [PW]
    Distribution
    From 5°13'-5°54'S and 75°40'-76°05'W in Peru (Loreto) at 135 m elevation in lowland rainforest .
    General Description
    Distinguished from var. polyacanthos by its larger fruits, 1.5-2.2 cm long and 1.3-1.8 cm in diameter Plants height no data; stems 0.8(0.7-0.8) cm diameter, branching no data. Leaf petioles 3.8(2.2-5.4) cm long; rachises 46.5 cm long, 3.2(2.8-3.6) mm wide, the spines usually <1 cm long, mostly abaxial, recurved with markedly swollen bases; pinnae 8 per side of rachis, without long, filiform apices, without a beard of spines at the bases, with uneven surfaces at the bases adaxially, usually covered with spinules and/or dense tomentum; basal pinna 11.3(10.0-12.5) cm long, 2.4(2.3-2.4) cm wide; cirri well-developed, with acanthophylls, with few spines abaxially, mostly on proximal part only, with no intermediate acanthophylls present, usually with a wide gap between pinnae and acanthophylls (i.e., gap wider than that between adjacent acanthophylls). Inflorescences with the rachis angular, slightly twisted, thicker than the few to numerous, closely spaced and spirally arranged rachillae, each rachilla not (or very rarely) adnate to the rachis, subtended by an acute bracteole and with a well-developed axillary pulvinus; peduncles 2.6(2.3-2.9) mm wide; peduncular bracts 18.0 cm long, broad, the surfaces ridged, brown tomentose, densely covered with short, recurved, markedly swollen-based, diagonally oriented spines, these triangular in cross-section, whitish-brown proximally, brown distally, with tomentose margins; rachillae 10(7-13), glabrous or scarcely tomentose initially; proximal rachillae 5.4(5.2-5.5) cm long, 1.7(1.5-1.9) mm wide; stamens no data; fruits no data

    Distribution

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Desmoncus prunifer Poepp. ex Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 2: 148 (1837)

    Accepted by

    • Henderson, A. (2011). A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) Phytotaxa 35: 1-88.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Desmoncus polyacanthos var. prunifer.]

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    • Henderson, A., A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) in Phytotaxa 35. 2011
    • Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Henderson, A. (2011). A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) Phytotaxa 35: 1-88.

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0