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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Microcalamus Franch.
      1. Microcalamus barbinodis Franch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Central Tropical Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Cataphylls evident. Culms decumbent; 15-60 cm long; wiry. Leaves cauline; 1-6 per branch. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Collar bearded. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or ovate; 20-55 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate, or ovate; 2.5-25 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches simple; bearing 1-6 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle branches glabrous, or pubescent. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs, or in threes. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1-3 in the cluster; subequal.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; falling entire. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; falling entire. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 2-2.5 mm long; 0.3 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 2.5-4 mm long; 0.4-0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 0.9 length of fertile lemma; 0.9 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 7 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma lanceolate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or pubescent; hairy below. Lemma margins involute; ciliolate. Lemma apex acute; with a little green crest. Palea coriaceous.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Ascending perennial about 30 cm. high, with wiry culms
    Ecology
    Forest shade.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Microcalamus barbinodis Franch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [9852], Cameroon K000540023
    Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [9852], Cameroon K000540024
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [981], Cameroon K000437999
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [745], Cameroon K000540026
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [745], Cameroon K000540027
    Jan 1, 1985 Thomas, D.W. [2671], Cameroon K000182442
    Oct 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [15114], Cameroon K000182441
    Jan 1, 1960 Brenan, J.P.M. [9442], Cameroon K000182443
    Jan 1, 1960 Brenan, J.P.M. [9442], Cameroon K000182444
    Jan 1, 1960 Brenan, J.P.M. [9442], Cameroon K000182445

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bot. (Morot) 3: 282 (1889)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • F.T.A. 9: 491.
    • in Journ. de Bot. 3: 282 (1889)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0