1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Nypa Steck
      1. Nypa fruticans Wurmb

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sri Lanka to S. Nansei-shoto and Caroline Islands.

    [FWTA]

    Palmae, T. A. Russell. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A prostrate-stemmed, gregarious palm
    Ecology
    Growing in estuarine conditions similar to mangrove.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Cameroon, Guyana, Marianas, Nigeria, Panamá, Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago

    Nypa fruticans Wurmb appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 26, 1997 Heatubun, C. [110], Indonesia K000525706
    Jan 1, 1956 Carr, C.E. [11518], Papua New Guinea K000525705
    Whitmore, T. [BSIP850], Solomon Is. K000208799
    Whitmore, T. [BSIP850], Solomon Is. K000208800
    Johns, R.J. [9791], Indonesia 70000.018
    Johns, R.J. [9791], Indonesia K000113779
    Craven, L.A. [875], Papua New Guinea K000522360
    Craven, L.A. [875], Papua New Guinea K000522361
    Craven, L.A. [875], Papua New Guinea K000522362
    Henderson, A. [369], Solomon Is. K000208802
    Henderson, A. [3455], Vietnam K000526515
    Noblick, L. [5197], Indonesia K000525704
    Noblick, L. [5187], Indonesia K000522359
    Desianto, B. [BD10], Indonesia K000114420
    Bryan, E.H. [1277] K000208801

    First published in Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 1: 349 (1779)

    Accepted by

    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dowe, J.L. (2010). Australian palms: biogeography, ecology and systematics: 1-290. CSIRO Publishing.
    • Powling, A. (2009). The palms of Buton, Indonesia, an island in Wallacea Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 53: 84-01.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Meyer, J.-Y., Lavergne, C. & Hodel, D.R. (2008). Time bombs in gardens: invasive ornamental palms in tropical islands, with emphasis on French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean) and the Mascarenes (Indian Ocean) Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 52: 23-35.
    • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Debnath, H.S. (2004). Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar islands: taxonomy and ecology: 1-133. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Holland in Kew Bull., Add. Ser. 12, 4: 715 (1922).
    • Martius, Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 305, t. 208 (1839)
    • in Verh. Batav. Genootsch. 1: 349 (1779)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Meyer, J.-Y., Lavergne, C. & Hodel, D.R. (2008). Time bombs in gardens: invasive ornamental palms in tropical islands, with emphasis on French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean) and the Mascarenes (Indian Ocean) Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 52: 23-35.
    • Debnath, H.S. (2004). Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar islands: taxonomy and ecology: 1-133. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0