1. Family: Passifloraceae Juss. ex Roussel
    1. Genus: Passiflora L.
      1. Passiflora ligularis Juss.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to Venezuela and Peru.

    [FZ]

    Passifloraceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Stout herbaceous glabrous plant, climbing by tendrils.
    Stem
    Stems terete, greyish, grooved; internodes up to 8 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 8–17 × 6–13 cm., broadly ovate, abruptly acuminate at apex, entire-margined, deeply cordate at the base, penninerved, membranous, dark green above, paler beneath; petiole 4–10 cm. long, bearing 4–6 scattered, liguliform or filiform glands, 3–10 mm. long; stipules 1–2·5 × 0·8–1·2 cm., ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, entire or serrulate, narrowed at the base.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils stout and long.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle 2–4 cm. long, solitary or geminate.
    Bracts
    Bracts 2–3·5 × 1–1·5 cm., connate along 1/5–1/3 of their length, the free parts ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute, entire, glabrous but tomentose near the margin.
    Flowers
    Flowers 6–9 cm. in diameter.
    Calyx
    Sepals 2·5–3·5 × 1–1·5 cm., acute, green outside, white inside. Calyx-tube short, campanulate.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 3 × 0·8–1 cm., oblong, white or pinkish-white.
    Corona
    Corona in 5–7 rows, the filaments of the 2 outer ones as long as the petals, radiate, blue at apex, banded with white and reddish-purple below, the inner rows approximate, the filaments c. 2 mm. long.
    Operculum
    Operculum membranous, slightly incurved, denticulate, white and reddish-purple at margin.
    Limen
    Limen cupuliform, surrounding the base of the gynophore.
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid.
    Fruits
    Fruit 6–8 × 4–5 cm., ovoid, yellowish or purplish.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 6 × 4 mm., narrowly obcordate, minutely tridentate at the apex, with the faces irregularly reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Colombia, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Costa Rica, El Salvador, Galápagos, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Zimbabwe

    Passiflora ligularis Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 6: 113 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Islas-Hernández, C.S. & al. (2018). Flora de Guerrero 81: 1-92. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa.
    • Estrada Chavarría, A. (2009). Flores de pasión de Costa Rica: historia natural e identificación: 1-448. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa.
    • Estrada Chavarría, A. (2009). Flores de pasión de Costa Rica: historia natural e identificación: 1-448. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0