Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands to Pakistan.
Plantago ciliata

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual, acaulous or short-stemmed, branched from base, 2–10(–18) cm tall, densely silvery-silky hairy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, obovate to lanceolate-spatulate, 3–6 × 0.7–1.5 cm, base tapering abruptly into a long petiole, acute, margins usually entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles stout, about as long as leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spike ovoid to oblong-cylindrical, 0.5–3.5(–4) cm long; bracts concave, ovate, ± acute, midrib herbaceous, broader than the membranous lateral lamina, longvillose, as long as sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate-elliptic, 3–3.5 mm, villous-ciliate, anterior sepals with midrib broader than lateral lamina, posterior sepals with midrib narrower than lateral lamina
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla lobes narrowly ovate-lanceolate, 2–3 × 0.5–1 mm, acute, ciliate, pilose on the outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds glossy.
Ecology
In loamy and silty soils, sand dunes, in gypsum quarry in desert, gravel or sandy soil in depression or desert wadis; alt. 10–140 m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: Feb.– June.
Distribution
Frequent in the Desert Plateau Region; also found in the Lower Mesopotamian Region. North Africa east to Saudi Arabia, Syria and Iran to Pakistan.
Note
Chalabi recognized var. lanata Boiss. and var. angustifolia Pilger in the original manuscript. Var. angustifolia was separated on its narrowly lanceolate leaves and more hairy corolla lobes and var. lanata on its pilose bracts and marginally broader anterior sepals. Rechinger (loc. cit.) raised the rank of var. lanata to subspecies with a note to say that the type subsp. ciliata is found from North Africa west to Sinai, and subsp. lanata from Syria and Saudi Arabia to Pakistan. Both taxa occur in Iraq, and according to Chalabi var. lanata is as common as the type variety, and morphologically not easy to distinguish from it.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Canary Is., Chad, Egypt, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara

Plantago ciliata Desf. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Fl. Atlant. 1: 137 (1798)

Accepted by

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. II. Leguminosae à Compositae Candollea 47: 397-481.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Patzak, A. & Rechinger, K.H. (1965). Flora Iranica 15: 1-23. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Blakelock in Kew Bull. 3: 441 (1950);
  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 887 (1879);
  • Boulos, Fl. Egypt 3: 119 (2002).
  • Chalabi Ka’bi in Bull. Iraq Nat. Hist. Mus. 1(2): 24 (1961);
  • Collenette, Wildflow. Saudi Ariabia: 602 (1999);
  • Desf. Fl. Atlant. 1: 137, t. 39 f. 3 (1758).
  • Kazmi in Fl. Pak. 62: 17 (1974);
  • Patzak & Rechinger in Fl. Iranica 15: 18 (1965);
  • Pilger in Engl., Pflanzenr. 102 IV. 269: 357 (1937);
  • Zohary in Dep. Agr. Iraq Bull. 31: 137 (1950);
  • Zohary pl. 382 (1977);
  • Zohary, Fl. Palaest. 3: 227 (1978)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Patzak, A. & Rechinger, K.H. (1965). Flora Iranica 15: 1-23. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/