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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China.
Polygala erioptera DC.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb, or occasionally a shrublet to 50 cm, usually with vegetative parts densely pubescent with short usually strongly curved hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear to oblong-elliptic, 8–40 x 1–4(–6) mm, rounded at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes lateral, dense, up to 1 cm long, usually much less; bracts small, persistent; pedicels up to 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals up to 3 mm long, free; wings obliquely elliptic, 4–5 x 2–2.7 mm, acute to obtuse at the apex, usually medially green, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petals oblanceolate, three quarters as long as wings; keel slightly longer than wings, pink
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule oblong-ovate, very narrowly winged, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2.5–3.5 mm long, with hairs up to 1 mm long; caruncle c. 0.7 x 0.4 mm, without obvious appendages.
Distribution
N1–3; S1; widespread in tropical Africa, extending eastwards to India.
Ecology
Altitude range 30–1450 m.
Note
This polymorphic and widespread species is fairly uniform and not very common in Somalia, where it is usually a small annual herb.

[FTEA]

Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

Type
Type: Senegal, Bacle s.n. (G-DC!, lecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual, rarely perennial herb or shrublet, 5–50 cm tall
Morphology Stem
Stems usually much branched from near the base, with arcuate-ascending branches, densely crispedpubescent or, occasionally, patent-pubescent, rarely glabrescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, linear oblong-elliptic to narrowly oblong-oblanceolate or oblong-linear, 7–30(–40) × 1.5–6 mm, rounded, sometimes emarginate, base cuneate, crispedpubescent, rarely almost glabrous; petiole 1–1.5 mm, crisped-pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white, usually pink-tipped, in short few-flowered lateral racemes up to ± 1 cm long or solitary; rachis crisped-pubescent; bracts linear, 0.7–1 mm long, pubescent, persistent; bracteoles linear, 0.5–0.7 mm long, pubescent, persistent; pedicels 1–2 mm, crisped-pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Posterior sepal keel-shaped, 2–3 mm long, crisped-pubescent; wing sepals obliquely elliptic, (3.5–)4.5–5 × (1.5–)2–2.5 mm, usually with a prominent green stripe down the midrib, densely pubescent; anterior sepals linear, 1.5–2.5 × 0.5–0.8 mm, pubescent, free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petals obliquely and narrowly obovateelliptic, 2.5–3 × 0.7–1 mm; carina 3–3.5 mm long; crest ± 1 mm long, fimbriate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule oblong-obovate to oblong-elliptic in outline, 3–4 × 2.5–3 mm, ciliate and very narrowly winged or almost unwinged, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds flattenedcylindric, 2.5–3.5 × 1.2–1.3 mm, brown-sericeous; caruncle sharply conical, 0.5–0.8 mm long, without appendages
Figures
Fig 4: 5, p 10
Ecology
Various types of open bushland, woodland and grassland, often on rocky ground or lava scree, also ruderal and as a weed; 0–2050 m
Note
Polygala erioptera DC. is widespread in several types of habitats from Africa and Arabia to tropical Asia. So it is one of the most variable and polymorphic species of the genus, varying from small ephemeral annuals to woody shrubs in East Africa (around Lake Turkana); from sparsely pubescent or glabrescent to densely grey-hairy; and from wings acuminate with prominent central stripe to obtuse without stripe. These variations are so continuous that is impossible to justify keeping the infra-specific taxa recognised by some authors, including myself!
Distribution
Range: Widespread throughout Africa (except Cape and NW); Arabian Peninsula, extending eastward to India

[FZ]

Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, 10–40 cm. high, usually much branched from near the base with arcuate-ascending branches densely crisped- or occasionally subpatent-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 8–30 x 1.5–6 mm., linear-oblong-elliptic to narrowly oblong-elliptic, crisped-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white, pedicels up to 2 mm. long, in short few-flowered lateral racemes up to about 1 cm. long or solitary; bracts and bracteoles persistent, about 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Posterior sepal 3 x 1 mm., keel-shaped; wing sepals up to 5 x 2.5 mm., greenish-white with a pronounced green stripe down the centre, obliquely elliptic, densely pubescent; anterior sepals 2.5 x0.5 mm., free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petals 3 x 1 mm., obliquely narrowly obovate-elliptic; carina 3.5 x 1.2 mm., crest 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule up to 4 x 2.8 mm., ovate-oblong in outline, pubescent at the margins, marginal wing obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3.5 x 1.2 mm., flattened-cylindric, brown-sericeous; caruncle sharply conical, without appendages.

[FWTA]

Polygalaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual 1–2 ft. high, or diffuse and much-branched
Morphology General Indumentum
Pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers about 5 mm. long, pink-tipped.

Native to:

Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Polygala erioptera DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1975 Cardoso, J. [16], Cape Verde K001134176
Jan 1, 1975 Bolle, C. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134177
Jan 1, 1975 Hooker, J.D. [134], Cape Verde K001134184
Jan 1, 1975 Vogel, T. [50], Cape Verde K001134181
Jan 1, 1975 Hooker, J.D. [134], Cape Verde K001134183
Jan 1, 1975 Wetherell [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134179
Jan 1, 1975 Aurell [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134180
Jan 1, 1975 Vogel, T. [58], Cape Verde K001134182
Jan 1, 1975 Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134178
Schweinfurth, G. [125], Eritrea K000231563
Bidgood, S. [6123], Tanzania K000468302
Jan 1, 1977 Hildebrandt, J.M. [2784], Kenya Polygala erioptera subsp. petraea K000231724 Unknown type material
Hildebrandt, J.M. [2784], Kenya Polygala erioptera subsp. petraea K000231725

First published in Prodr. 1: 326 (1824)

Accepted by

  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Chrtek, J. & Krísa, B. (1977). Flora Iranica 124: 1-11. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Paiva, J. (2013). A checklist of Polygala (Polygalaceae) in the Flora of Southern Africa region with notes on types Phytotaxa 155: 1-22.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Santisuk, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Thailand 7(3): 351-654. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 265.
  • —Chodat Monogr. Polygal. 342

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Chrtek, J. & Krísa, B. (1977). Flora Iranica 124: 1-11. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Santisuk, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Thailand 7(3): 351-654. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.C.B. 7: 255 (1958)
  • F.Z. 1, 1: 316 (1960)
  • Fl. Eth. 2, 1: 182, fig. 24.2/16, 17 (2000).
  • Fontqueria 50: 169, t. 28/c (1998)
  • Prodr. 1: 326 (1824)
  • Thulin, Fl. Somalia 1: 84 (1993)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 56 (1994)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/