1. Family: Polygonaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rumex L.
      1. Rumex rhodesius Rech.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type:Zimbabwe, Harare (Salisbury), Eyles 1654 (BM, holotype; PRE; SRGH).
    Habit
    An erect or ascending perennial herb up to 1 m or more tall An erect or ascending perennial herb up to 1 m or more tall.
    Stem
    Stems green to greenish-brown, hollow, longitudinally striate, glabrous, producing leafy axillary shoots which develop secondary inflorescences Stems green to greenish-brown, hollow, longitudinally striate, glabrous, producing leafy axillary shoots which develop secondary inflorescences.
    Leaves
    Leaves green or greenish-brown; lamina 20–30 × 5–7 cm, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, acute or obtuse at the apex, cuneate to attenuate at the base, entire or crisped on the margin, glabrous or with scattered papillae beneath; petiole up to 10 cm long, much shorter in upper stem leaves Leaves green or greenish-brown; lamina 20–30 × 5–7 cm, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, acute or obtuse at the apex, cuneate to attenuate at the base, entire or crisped on the margin, glabrous or with scattered papillae beneath; petiole up to 10 cm long, much shorter in upper stem leaves.
    Ocrea
    Ocrea hyaline, 1–3 cm long, striate, entire, soon caducous Ocrea hyaline, 1–3 cm long, striate, entire, soon caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, pedicellate, in many-flowered whorls arranged in terminal racemose panicles; pedicels articulated above the middle, up to 8 mm long in fruit Flowers hermaphrodite, pedicellate, in many-flowered whorls arranged in terminal racemose panicles; pedicels articulated above the middle, up to 8 mm long in fruit.
    Perianth
    Outer perianth segments greenish-brown, 2 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; inner perianth segments reddish-brown, 3–4 × 2–2.5 mm, ± triangular, obtuse or acute at the apex, cuneate to rounded or more rarely subtruncate at the base, ± denticulate on the margin, with short irregular teeth below the middle, with ± well developed dorsal tubercles near the base Outer perianth segments greenish-brown, 2 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; inner perianth segments reddish-brown, 3–4 × 2–2.5 mm, ± triangular, obtuse or acute at the apex, cuneate to rounded or more rarely subtruncate at the base, ± denticulate on the margin, with short irregular teeth below the middle, with ± well developed dorsal tubercles near the base.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6; filaments filiform; anthers ellipsoid Stamens 6; filaments filiform; anthers ellipsoid.
    Ovary
    Ovary 1.5 × 1 mm, trigonous Ovary 1.5 × 1 mm, trigonous.
    Fruits
    Nut pale brown, shiny, 2.5 × 1.5 mm, trigonous. Nut pale brown, shiny, 2.5 × 1.5 mm, trigonous.
    Ecology
    In open woodland, on river banks and wet places, and at the edge of irrigation furrows; 1480–1650 m.
    Distribution
    Also in South Africa (North-West Province, Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal). ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM C, ZIM E Zimbabwe

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Rumex rhodesius Rech.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1947 Eyles, F. [591], Zimbabwe K000244118 paratype

    First published in Candollea 11: 230 (1948)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Bot. Not. Suppl., vol. 3, 3: 69 (1954). TAB. 10, fig. B.
    • Candollea 11: 230 (1948)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0