1. Family: Portulacaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Portulaca L.
      1. Portulaca foliosa Ker Gawl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Portulacaceae, Sylvia M. Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Succulent herb, probably perennial; stems usually procumbent, rarely erect, up to 35 cm long, branching, the main branches 3–5 mm thick, eventually woody at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, linear-terete, 7–20 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, glaucous, obtuse; axillary hairs in tufts 1–4 mm long, shorter than the internodes, fairly inconspicuous, falcate scales absent.
    Inflorescences
    Flowers in clusters of 1–3, encircled by 8 involucral leaves enclosing dense woolly hairs; involucral leaves ± equalling or up to twice as long as the stem leaves; flower-clusters frequently overtopped by subsequent growth from the axils of the involucral leaves.
    Flowers
    Sepals red, 2.8–3.5 mm long, rounded on the back, with thickened acute tips; petals 5, yellow or orange, 4–5.5 mm long, obovate-oblong, retuse; stamens 10–25; stigma 4–6-branched.
    Fruits
    Capsule dehiscing below the middle, lid a broadly rounded dome ± 2.5 mm high; seeds usually black (rarely silvery-grey), 0.7–0.8 mm long, the testa cells jigsaw- to stellate-shaped, convex to domed.
    Habitat
    Seasonally dry beds or the margins of water courses, on sandbanks in rivers and in damp sandy hollows; 400–850 m
    Distribution
    K4 T6 T7 T8 Senegal to W Ethiopia and southwards through Congo to Angola, also in the Zambezi Valley
    [FZ]

    Portulacaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Rather robust annual or perennial herb; branches prostrate or suberect, often woody at the base, up to 35 cm. long and 5 mm. in diam.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, up to 2·5 × 0·3 cm., linear, subcylindric, glaucous, crowded towards the ends of the branches, sessile or almost sessile, apex acute or obtuse, sometimes purplish towards the apex, longer than the internodes; stipular hairs few, not conspicuous, up to 3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal clusters of 2–6 or rarely solitary, surrounded by a terminal cluster of subverticillate leaves and dense tufts of axillary hairs; bracts whitish, often with purple tips, membranous, ovate, long-acuminate.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 3 mm. long, ovate-acuminate, often pinkish.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow or orange (or sometimes pink-tinged?), almost free, up to 8 mm. long, lanceolate-ovate, apex emarginate or refuse.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8–13.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid; style simple with 4 recurved stigmas.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 5 mm. long, ovoid, enclosed in the marcescent corolla, transversely dehiscent below the middle, tipped by the persistent style base.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, c. 0·5 mm. in diam., subreniform, black to dark grey, covered with concentric rings of minute impressed stelliform tubercles.
    [FWTA]

    Portulacaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    An erect or decumbent herb, often woody below
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, solitary or in small heads.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Portulaca foliosa Ker Gawl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kenya 38712.000
    Collenette, J.S. [9183], Saudi Arabia 57999.000

    First published in Bot. Reg. 10: t. 793 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Phillips, S.M. (2002). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Portulacaceae: 1-40.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 339.
    • von Poellnitz in Fedde Rep. 37: 304
    • —F.T.A. 1: 148
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Phillips, S.M. (2002). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Portulacaceae: 1-40.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 364, t. 69d (1961).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 137 (1954).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 124 (1951).
    • Poelln. in F. Fedde, Repertorium Speciorum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 48: 179 (1940).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika: 271 (1938).
    • Poelln. in F. Fedde, Repertorium Speciorum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 37: 304 (1934)
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 148 (1868).
    • Ker Gawl. in Bot. Reg. 10, t. 793 (1824).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0