1. Family: Portulacaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Portulaca L.
      1. Portulaca kermesina N.E.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Portulacaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Erect herb very similar to P. foliosa but stems always erect or suberect, the stipular hairs usually more persistent, more numerous and up to 7 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals bright carmine in colour and the stamen number varying from 10–25.
    [FTEA]

    Portulacaceae, Sylvia M. Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Erect to ascending, slender succulent annual or short-lived perennial, branching above the base; stems up to 15(–28) cm high, rather stiffly ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, spaced, linear-terete, 9–25 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, sharply acute; axillary hairs in long shaggy tufts, sometimes indistinct, each axil also with 2 longer, brownish, hair-like scales with falcately-curving bases (these sometimes indistinct).
    Inflorescences
    Flowers in terminal clusters of 3–6 or more, encircled by ± 8 involucral leaves enclosing dense woolly hairs, opening in the morning; involucral leaves longer than the cauline leaves, very variable in length, up to 30 mm long, slightly to much exceeding the flower cluster, spreading, finally slightly downturned.
    Flowers
    Sepals 3–4.5 mm long, rounded on the back, keeled towards the acute apex with a slight crest; petals 5, usually bright red, occasionally orange-red, rose-pink or rarely yellow, 2.5–8 mm long, obovate-oblong, obtuse to acute; stamens (5–)8–13(–19); stigma (3–)4–5-branched.
    Fruits
    Capsule 5 mm long, 2.5 mm in in diameter, dehiscing below the middle, lid a conical or rounded dome about as wide as high; seeds 0.5–0.75 mm long, metallic grey or occasionally silvery, the testa cells jigsaw-shaped to stellate, convex to conical.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Portulaca kermesina N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Collenette, J.S. [9173], Saudi Arabia 57998.000
    Lugard, E.J. [88], Botswana K000075351 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1909: 91 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Phillips, S.M. (2002). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Portulacaceae: 1-40.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Phillips, S.M. (2002). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Portulacaceae: 1-40.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • M.G. Gilbert in Fl. Somalia 1: 124 (1993).
    • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Africa: 37, t. 261 (1987).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 364 (1961).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 123 (1951).
    • Poelln. in F. Fedde, Repertorium Speciorum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 48: 182 (1940).
    • Poelln. in F. Fedde, Repertorium Speciorum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 37: 305 (1934)
    • N.E. Br. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1909: 91 (1909).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/