1. Family: Didiereaceae Radlk.
    1. Genus: Portulacaria Jacq.
      1. Portulacaria afra Jacq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Kenya, S. Mozambique to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Portulacaceae, Sylvia M. Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Densely branched shrub or small tree 2–4 m high, branches brittle with jointed nodes; bark smooth, shiny, the twigs reddish-brown, older wood grey.
    Leaves
    Leaves broadly obovate, glossy, very juicy, 1–2.5 cm long, 8–15 mm wide, rounded, sometimes apiculate, cuneate to a brief petiole.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and axillary on the upper branchlets; flowers small, starry, produced in profusion, in fascicles racemosely arranged on an axis 3–7 cm long; pedicels slender, 2.5–5 mm long.
    Flowers
    Sepals crescent-shaped, membranous, becoming rigid, 0.5–0.8 mm long; petals pale rosy-pink or mauve, narrowly obovate-oblong, slightly hooded, ± 2 mm long, subpersistent; stamens slightly longer than the petals, the filaments broadened downwards; ovary ellipsoid.
    Fruits
    Fruit ellipsoid, 5 mm long, 3-angled, winged on the angles, translucent, glossy, pink, pendant.
    Seeds
    Seed tear-shaped, 2 mm long, a narrow bilobed aril at the base.
    Figures
    Fig. 7 (p. 38).
    Habitat
    Dry savanna, growing thickly in a patch; 1310 m
    Distribution
    South Africa (SE Cape and along the eastern lowlands to Northern Province), K2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Introduced into:

    Sicilia

    Portulacaria afra Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Collectanea 1: 160 (1787)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dyer in Fl. Pl. Afr. 45: t. 1763 (1978).
    • K.C. Palgrave, Trees S. Africa: 162 (1977).
    • Jacq., Coll. Bot.. 1: 160, t. 22 (1786).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0