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  1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Pistacia L.
      1. Pistacia aethiopica Kokwaro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to N. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Glabrous evergreen spreading tree 5–15 m. high or more, rarely a shrub, often multi-stemmed; bole up to 0.6 m. in diameter; bark brown-black; twigs and leaves turpentine-scented when crushed; sometimes with reddish crenate leaf-galls or ‘witches’ broom’ stem-galls up to 30 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 10 cm. long, parinnate, with the lower leaflets subopposite to alternate, one of the terminal pair occasionally aborting thus making the leaf appear imparipinnate; rachis narrowly winged; leaflets (2–)3–9 pairs, usually 3–4 paired in the Flora area oblong to oblong-lanceolate or ovate, 1–5 cm. long, 0.5–1.5(–2) cm. broad, sessile, usually entire, apex obtuse to emarginate, base cuneate, coriaceous, conspicuously reddish when young.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences compact spikes or racemes 1–5 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish or purplish; bracts ovate, ± 2 mm. long; bracteoles ± 5, 0.7–1 mm. long, sometimes ciliate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–6.
    Fruits
    Drupe obliquely globose, 4–5 mm. in diameter, apiculate, green turning red, with mango-like smell when crushed.
    Figures
    Fig. 7.
    Habitat
    Upland dry evergreen forest (often with Juniperus) or associated bushland and wooded grassland; 1500–2500 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Pistacia aethiopica Kokwaro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1950 Hildebrandt, J.M. [1531], Somalia Pistacia lentiscus var. emarginata K000423268 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 34: 755 (1980)

    Accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Kokwaro in Kew Bulletin 34: 755 (1980).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0