1. Family: Ranunculaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Clematis L.
      1. Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Sahara to Tropical Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, S. India.

    [FTEA]

    Ranunculaceae, E. Milne-Redhead & W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Habit
    A tall climbing shrubby plant (more rarely decumbent in grassland), 1–4 m. or more tall; younger stems more or less softly hairy but usually becoming glabrous or nearly so, longitudinally ribbed and furrowed.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnate with 5 leaflets, rarely bipinnate, frequently well developed leaves are associated with the inflorescence; leaflets suborbicular to ovate in general outline, acuminate, shortly acuminate, acute, or subobtuse, cordate to rounded rarely truncate at base, most often a longer central lobe with a shorter lateral one on each side, crenate-dentate with teeth of different sizes, from almost glabrous to lanate on lower surface, glabrous to more or less pubescent on upper surface.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences generally many-flowered; pedicels 1–3 cm. long; flower buds spherical to ellipsoid, rounded to acuminate.
    Calyx
    Sepals 1–2.7 cm. long, cream or white.
    Habitat
    Forest edges and openings and in wooded grassland, 1000–3000 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 widely spread in most parts of Tropical Africa
    [FWTA]

    Ranunculaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    A climber, up to 20 ft.
    Ecology
    Over trees and rocks, very common in savannah country.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

    Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2007 Mwachala, G. [3129], Kenya K000449284
    Nov 1, 1974 Letouzey, R. [13150], Cameroon K000105417
    Mar 1, 1953 Adams, C.D. [GC 11092], Cameroon K000105412
    Mar 1, 1953 Adams, C.D. [GC 11331], Cameroon K000105414
    Mar 1, 1953 Adams, C.D. [GC 11331], Cameroon K000105415
    Jan 1, 1950 Richard, A. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000076042
    Jan 1, 1950 Goetze [1243], Tanzania K000076036 Unknown type material
    Chevalier, A. [34545], French Guiana K000076052 Unknown type material
    Morton, J.K. [6972], Cameroon K000105413
    Boughey, A.S. [GC 11361], Cameroon K000105411
    Bauer, P.J. [144], Cameroon K000105408
    Chevalier [6192] K000076048 Unknown type material
    Ethiopia K000076043 Unknown type material
    Tamajong, S. [FHI 22206], Cameroon K000105416
    Rüppell [1481], Ethiopia K000076044 Unknown type material
    Brunt, M.A. [697], Cameroon K000105409
    Brunt, M.A. [697], Cameroon K000105410
    Jan 1, 1975 Clematopsis scabiosifolia subsp. oliveri K000075991 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1975 Dent Young, J. [1], Nigeria Clematopsis scabiosifolia subsp. oliveri K000075996 Unknown type material

    First published in Fl. Seneg. Tent.: 1 (1831)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Turrill & Milne-Redhead in F.T.E.A. Ranunc. 6.
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 74
    • Fl. Seneg. 1 (1830)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • P. Staner & J. Léonard, Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2, 192 (1951).
    • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 3 (1937).
    • Perr. & Guill. in Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 1 (1831).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0