1. Family: Ranunculaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Clematis L.
      1. Clematis triloba Thunb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Ranunculaceae, A. W. Exell and E. Milne-Redhead. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Woody trailing or climbing plant; younger stems pilose, glabrescent with age, longitudinally ribbed and furrowed.
    Leaves
    Leaves bipinnate, pinnate-ternate or pinnate with the lateral leaflets more or less deeply trilobed; leaflets typically oblong with few rather irregular teeth, glabrous or glabrescent on upper surface, pubescent to pilose, especially on the veins, or nearly glabrous on lower surface.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence loose, 3–7 or more-flowered or flowers occasionally solitary; pedicels 1.5–6.5 cm. long; buds ellipsoid, rounded or acute.
    Calyx
    Sepals 1.2–2.5 cm. long, outer surface pale pink or purple with scattered hairs or glabrescent outside except at the margin which is densely hairy; inner surface densely lanate.
    [FTEA]

    Ranunculaceae, E. Milne-Redhead & W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Figures
    Fig. 1, (p. 4).
    Habit
    A climbing woody plant; the younger stems pilose becoming more or less glabrous with age, longitudinally ridged and furrowed. A woody trailing or climbing plant; younger stems pilose, glabrescent with age, longitudinally ribbed and furrowed.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnate, with usually 5 leaflets; leaflets ovate to lanceolate-ovate, often strongly asymmetric, curved in upper part (especially the terminal leaflet), with or without slight lobes, irregularly and unequally dentate to almost entire, glabrous on upper surface, somewhat shortly pilose on lower surface, particularly on the veins. Leaves most often bipinnate or (rarely) pinnate with lateral leaflets more or less deeply trilobed; leaflets typically oblong with few rather irregular teeth, glabrous or glabrescent on upper surface, more or less pilose, especially on veins, on lower surface.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences with 1–3 flowers; pedicels 1–2 cm. long; buds broadly ovoid to spherical, with yellow indumentum. Inflorescences loose, usually about 5–7 flowered; pedicels 1.5–6.5 cm. long; buds ellipsoid, rounded or acute.
    Calyx
    Sepals 1.7–2.5 cm. long, cream, more or less pilose to glabrescent on inner surface. Sepals 1.3–2.5 cm. long, outer surface pale pink with scattered hairs except at margin or glabrescent, inner surface densely lanate.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland and upland evergreen bushland, 1600–1860 m. Upland grassland, areas of abandoned cultivation, and Brachystegia woodland, 1500–1800 m.
    Distribution
    T5 T7 T4 T7 U2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Clematis triloba Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    South Africa K000076009 Unknown type material
    Bidgood, S. [5655], Tanzania Clematis welwitschii K000468769
    Kassner [2663], Congo, DRC Clematis welwitschii K000076045 isotype

    First published in Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 94 (1800)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Clematis brachiata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0