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  1. Family: Ranunculaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ranunculus L.
      1. Ranunculus multifidus Forssk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Eritrea and S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Ranunculaceae, E. Milne-Redhead & W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Habit
    Perennial herb most often with erect stems, 1–12 cm. tall, rarely stems more or less prostrate and rooting at some of the nodes, pilose with adpressed hairs pointing upwards; flowering stems much branched in the upper part with numerous relatively small typically “ buttercup ” flowers.
    Leaves
    Leaves variable, bi- or tri-pinnatisect, the final segments coarsely and irregularly toothed, strongly to weakly hirsute or pilose.
    Calyx
    Sepals reflexed.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, yellow, 3–7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Achenes in a spherical to slightly elongated head, persistent beak short to well developed and hooked, margin bordered, sides flat, generally with small scattered tubercles but sometimes smooth.
    Figures
    Fig. 4/1, (p. 17).
    Habitat
    Wet ground near rivers, streams and ditches, moist slopes in bushland, grassland or on margins of forest, 1170–3450 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 Arabia to Cape Province, and west to Nigeria and Angola
    [FZ]

    Ranunculaceae, A. W. Exell and E. Milne-Redhead. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Calyx
    Sepals reflexed.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, yellow, 3–7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Achenes in a spherical to slightly elongated head, numerous, smooth or with small scattered tubercles, with bordered margin and with short or well-developed beak.
    Habit
    Perennial herb up to about 1 m. tall, appressed-pubescent with hairs directed upwards to patent-pilose; stems much branched in the upper part with numerous yellow flowers about 12–16 mm. in diam.
    Leaves
    Leaves bi- or tripinnatisect, the final segments coarsely and irregularly toothed, strongly to weakly hirsute or pilose.
    [FWTA]

    Ranunculaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Perennial herb most often with erect stems, up to 4 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Ranunculus multifidus Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2007 Naiga [450], Uganda K000449286
    Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3062], Cameroon K000199990
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4564], Cameroon K000199999
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4581], Cameroon K000200000
    Dec 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [345], Cameroon K000199989
    Dec 1, 2000 Buzgo, M. [678], Cameroon K000199998
    Jan 1, 1982 Maitland, T.D. [1122 -3], Cameroon K000105500
    Jan 1, 1982 Letouzey, R. [8932], Cameroon K000105498
    Jan 1, 1950 Schimper [140], Ethiopia K000076133 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1950 Schimper [140], Ethiopia K000076134 Unknown type material
    Thomas, D.W. [2956], Cameroon K000105501
    Mann [618], Equatorial Guinea K000076141 Unknown type material
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000076094 Unknown type material
    Burtt-Davy, J. [17682], South Africa K000076092 Unknown type material
    Thunberg [s.n.], South Africa K000076095
    Torrey, J. [s.n.], USA K000692969
    [Taylor] [40], Nebraska K000692970
    [B.D.G] [s.n.] K000692971

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 102 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Manning, J.C. & Goldblatt, P. (2013). The native and naturalised species of Peltocalathos and Ranunculus (Ranunculaceae: Ranunculeae) in southern Africa Botanica Australis 43: 179-195.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milne-Redhead, E. & Turrill, W.B. (1952). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ranunculaceae: 1-23.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Turrill & Milne-Redhead F.T.E.A. Ranunc. 19.
    • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 102 (1775)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Manning, J.C. & Goldblatt, P. (2013). The native and naturalised species of Peltocalathos and Ranunculus (Ranunculaceae: Ranunculeae) in southern Africa Botanica Australis 43: 179-195.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • P. Staner & J. Léonard, Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 175 (1951).
    • Robyns, F. P.N.A. 1: 174, tab. XV (1948).
    • Forsk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 102 (1775).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0