1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gouania Jacq.
      1. Gouania tiliifolia Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mascarenes.

    [FTEA]

    Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

    Habit
    Liane or climbing or sprawling shrub several m. long; branchlets and tendrils with longitudinal densely pubescent stripes of antrorse brown hairs 0.2–0.3 mm. long, glabrescent, very slightly zig-zag.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly ovate, 4–8 cm. long, 2.4–5.8 cm. wide, very shallowly cordate to rounded, acuminate (the acumen 5–10 mm. long), serrulate or doubly serrulate, when young with dense pubescence near the veins of brownish antrorse hairs 0.2–0.4 mm. long, this pubescence much sparser and less noticeable on the mature blade, on each side of midrib with 6–8 secondary nerves; petioles 8–25 mm. long, ventrally densely pubescent with brownish hairs 0.3–0.5 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear, ± 3 mm. long, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Thyrses merely terminal, not aggregated into panicles, 4–8 cm. long, lax, ± 1 cm. thick in flower, axes densely pubescent at least when young, cymes few-flowered; peduncles of cymes ± 1 mm. long, pubescent; pedicels 0.5–1 mm. long, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish or yellowish white.
    Hypanthium
    Cup ± 2 mm. wide, pubescent externally.
    Calyx
    Sepals ± 0.9 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals ± 0.9 mm. long.
    Style
    Style 0.3–0.5 mm. long or perhaps longer in later stages of anthesis (only young flowers seen).
    Fruits
    Fruit said to be 1.3–1.7 mm. long and broad with prominently reticulate wings.
    Habitat
    Apparently near lakes and rivers; 200–275 m.
    Distribution
    T8
    [FZ]

    Rhamnaceae, R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Climbing shrub; branchlets and coiled tendrils pilose when young, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 7·3 × 5·8 cm., ovate, apex acute or shortly acuminate, margin crenate, base rounded to cordate, pilose on the nerves above and below at least when young, secondary nerves in 6–8 pairs, tertiary venation tending to be subparallel below; petiole 2–4 cm. long, pubescent; stipules 4 mm. long, subulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences up to 12 cm. long; inflorescence-branches 6 mm. long; pedicels 2–3 mm. long; bracts 2 mm. long, ovate.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle pilose.
    Calyx
    Sepals 2 mm. long, deltate, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals 1·5 mm. long, obovate, cucullate, shortly unguiculate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 1·5 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk 3 mm. in diam., with triangular lobes opposite the calyx-teeth.
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior; style 1·5 mm. long, 3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 1·7 × 1·8 cm., wings prominently reticulate.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5 × 4 × 2 mm., planoconvex; testa shining greyish-brown.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mauritius, Réunion

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh

    Gouania tiliifolia Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Encycl. 3: 4 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 69: 79-1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.

    Not accepted by

    • Buerki, S., Phillipson, P.B. & Callmander, M.W. (2011). A taxonomic revision of Gouania (Rhamnaceae) in Madagascar and the other islands of the western Indian Ocean (the Comoro and Mascarene islands and Seychelles) Annals from the Missouri Botanical Garden 98: 157-195. MBG press. [Cited as Gouania scandens.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Buerki, S., Phillipson, P.B. & Callmander, M.W. (2011). A taxonomic revision of Gouania (Rhamnaceae) in Madagascar and the other islands of the western Indian Ocean (the Comoro and Mascarene islands and Seychelles) Annals from the Missouri Botanical Garden 98: 157-195. MBG press.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0