1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Maesopsis Engl.
      1. Maesopsis eminii Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Liberia to South Sudan and Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

    Habit
    Trees (5–)15–25(–42) m. tall; trunk (l–)2–5(–10) dm. thick; bark silvery grey with vertical twisted furrowing; slash red outside, yellow near the wood; heartwood yellowish, darkening on exposure to reddish brown.
    Branches
    Year-old branchlets glabrescent, smooth, brownish, lenticellate; youngest branches dark, puberulent to nearly glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades ovate-elliptic to oblong-ovate, 7–14 cm. long, 2.5–6 cm. wide, lustrous above, paler beneath, glabrous except when quite young, at base rounded to subcordate, acuminate, at margins with rounded ± salient teeth or projections 0.3–5 mm. long, on each side of midrib with (6–)7–10 secondary nerves; petioles 6–12 mm. long, puberulent to glabrescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules 2–6 mm. long, puberulent.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes 1–5 cm. long, many-flowered; primary peduncle 4–25 mm. long; ultimate pedicels l–3(–6) mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals ± 1.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupe (only 1, 2 or rarely 3 fruits set per inflorescence) obovoid or narrowly so, 22–30 mm. long, 10–16 mm. thick, the style and stigma persistent; outer portion of mesocarp fleshy.
    [FWTA]

    Rhamnaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A fast-growing deciduous tree, up to 90 ft. high, or rarely more
    Flowers
    Flowers small, greenish
    Fruits
    Fruits purplish-black when ripe
    Ecology
    In forest regrowth
    Note
    Rare in our area, except in S.E. Nigeria and the Cameroons.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Trinidad-Tobago

    Maesopsis eminii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11180], Cameroon K000338975
    Jan 1, 2004 Nkeng, P. [198], Cameroon K000198490
    Jul 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9624], Cameroon K000027193
    Jul 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [10208], Cameroon K000027194
    Aug 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2844], Cameroon K000027195
    Feb 1, 1999 Onana, J.-M. [591 A], Cameroon K000337644
    Jan 1, 1987 Staudt, A. [533], Cameroon K000093357
    Styles, B.T. [51], Uganda 25694.046
    Fay, J.M. [8660], Central African Republic 60366.000
    Harris, D.J. [1385], Central African Republic 63258.000
    Klaine, R.P. [248] K000430131

    First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 255 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Johnston, M.C. (1972). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rhamnaceae: 1-40.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Suessenguth in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 20D: 149, fig. 40 (1953).
    • Eggeling Indig.Trees Uganda, ed. 2: 323, flg. 68, photo 52
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 2: 207, t. 208, 1–5
    • Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C: 255 (1895)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 388, fig. 76 (1961).
    • Verdc. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 27: 352 (1957).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 323, photo. 52, fig. 68 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 468 (1949).
    • Eggeling & Harris, Fifteen Uganda Timbers: 99 (1939).
    • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 255 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0