1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Smythea Seem.
      1. Smythea bombaiensis (Dalzell) S.P.Banerjee & P.K.Mukh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. India.

    [KBu]

    Cahen D & Utteridge T. 2018. A synopsis of the genus Smythea (Rhamnaceae). Kew Bulletin 73: 2. DOI 10.1007/S12225-017-9724-3

    Type
    Type: India, Maharash­tra, Chulaghat [Chorla Ghat] [15°39'N 74°07'E], 2 Jan. 1850, Dalzell s.n. (lectotype, selected here: K! [K000681977]).
    Distribution
    West India: Karnataka, Kerala, Maha­rashtra and Tamil Nadu.
    Ecology
    Lowland and montane rain forests; alt. 350 - 1000 m.
    Conservation
    Vulnerable VU B2ab(iii). Smythea bombaiensis has an AOO of only 36 km2, below the Vulnerable threshold of 2,000 km2 (when using a 2 km cell size). In addition, it is known from only nine locations from 10 collections (when using literature records from Banerjee & Mukherjee1970[5]), several of the collections studied are over 100 years old with at least four of the collections from the 19th century. Habitats in the west of India are under threat, for example large parts of the natural forests of the Western Ghats have been cleared and converted, while the remaining fragmented forests are threatened (Rawat et al.2001).
    Phenology
    Collected in fruit and flower from Dec. to June.
    Note
    Smythea bombaiensis is recognised by having both a hairy fruit wing borne in the axils of persistent leaves and a glabrous abaxial leaf surface. The presence of conspicuous domatia on the abaxial leaf surface and loops near the leaf margin formed by secondary vein branches connecting secondary veins, are additional diagnostic characters. It is the only taxon of Smythea recorded from the Western Ghats.

    Images

    Distribution

    Smythea bombaiensis (Dalzell) S.P.Banerjee & P.K.Mukh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 20, 1980 Dalzell, N.A. [s.n.], India K000681977

    First published in Indian Forester 96: 214 (1970)

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Banerjee & Mukherjee 1970: 214

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0