1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Smythea Seem.
      1. Smythea calpicarpa Kurz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Myanmar.

    [KBu]

    Cahen D & Utteridge T. 2018. A synopsis of the genus Smythea (Rhamnaceae). Kew Bulletin 73: 2. DOI 10.1007/S12225-017-9724-3

    Type
    Type: Burma, Tenasserim [Taninthayi], 1837, Helfer s.n. (lectotype, designated here: K! [K000681976], isolectotype: K! [K000606780]).
    Distribution
    Known from a single collection from the Taninthayi Region of Burma.
    Ecology
    Myanmar coastal rainforests.
    Conservation
    Data deficient: DD. Burma is poorly collected, and Smythea calpicarpa is only known from a single collection of imprecise locality in 1837. However, whilst localities are not always given on his labels, this specific area was explored by Helfer, and hence we have assumed S. calpicarpa to be collected from this location. However, in this region, most of the seasonal evergreen forest has been cleared for agri­culture and heavy degradation has occurred near Myeik and Dawei since 1837 (Srikosmatara et al. 2001). We need more information on the distribution of this species in Burma, and if it was only found in this region, then it is likely that the taxon could be critically endangered.
    Note
    Smythea calpicarpa is recognised by the absence of conspicuous domatia, the spreading yellowish hairs on its branchlets and 5 - 7 pairs of abaxially conspicuously prominent, hairy secondary veins. The only other taxa of Smythea recorded in the Kra Isthmus are S. lanceata and S. oblongifolia. Smythea calpicarpa differs from both taxa in having no conspicuous domatia, from S. lanceata in the densely hairy branchlets and evenly spaced secondary veins, and from S. oblongifolia in having fruits in the axils of persistent leaves. A specimen collected on South Andaman Island was identified as Smythea calpicarpa despite the pres­ence of leafless racemes branching off (Port Mouat hill jungle, 28 Jan. 1915, King s.n. (K!)). However, in addition to leafless racemes, the presence of conspic­uous domatia and of a narrow-acute angle of diver­gence of secondary veins, indicate that the specimen belongs to S. oblongifolia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Myanmar

    Smythea calpicarpa Kurz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Helfer. [s.n.], Myanmar K000681976

    First published in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 41: 301 (1872)

    Accepted by

    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Kurz 1872: 301

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0