1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Smythea Seem.
      1. Smythea velutina (Ridl.) S.P.Banerjee & P.K.Mukh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Peninsula Thailand to Peninsula Malaysia.

    [KBu]

    Cahen D & Utteridge T. 2018. A synopsis of the genus Smythea (Rhamnaceae). Kew Bulletin 73: 2. DOI 10.1007/S12225-017-9724-3

    Distribution
    Peninsular Malaysia (Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor) and Thailand (Narathiwat, Pattani). Map 4.
    Ecology
    Malay Peninsula rain forests; alt. 50 - 150 m.
    Conservation
    Near Threatened (NT). The taxon is very likely declining given the widespread destruction of much of its habitat, especially in the lowland rainforests of the Malay Peninsula (Loucks 2001), and its collection locations are fragmented. However, the taxon does not currently qualify as threatened, as it has an EOO greater than 30,000 km2 and has been collected recently in suitable habitats still remaining in the region such as Pasoh Forest Reserve.
    Phenology
    Collected in flower from April to June and Oct.; collected in fruit from April to Aug. and Nov.
    Note

    Smythea velutina is easily recognised as being the only known species in the genus with a completely hairy abaxial surface on mature leaves. The only other taxa of Smythea found in the Malay Peninsula are S. lanceata, S. macrocarpa and S. oblongifolia. Smythea velutina differs from S. lanceata in the hairy, elliptic to oblong wing-like fruit, the hairy abaxial leaf lamina and the more numerous and prominent secondary veins. Apart from the hairy abaxial leaf lamina and fruit, the overall morphology of S. velutina is very similar to that of S. macrocarpa. In addition to the hairy abaxial leaf surface, S. velutina differs from S. oblongifolia in the flower fascicles being located in the axils of persistent leaves and in the lateral veins ascending less acutely and not readily forming loops near the more finely serrated leaf margins.

    Banerjee & Mukherjee (1969) designated Scortechini s.n. (CALn.v.) as the type specimen for Smythea velutina. The labels on Scortechini herbarium sheets of S. velutina neither specify a precise collection location nor a collection date, although some are numbered and others unnumbered. Scortechini s.n. (E!, K!), both specimens of S. velutina presumably collected at the same location and date in Perak as the Calcutta type specimen, are considered here as isolectotypes (note: there is no confusion with Scortechini 2110 in CAL, which has Ventilago fruits and is a specimen of V. malaccensis collected from a completely different plant, see Doubtful and excluded names below). The specimens numbered Scortechini 1045 (CAL!-image seen, K!, L!) may or may not be additional duplicates.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malaya, Thailand

    Smythea velutina (Ridl.) S.P.Banerjee & P.K.Mukh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Scortechini, B. [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Ventilago velutina K000681924 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 10: 251 (1969)

    Accepted by

    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Banerjee & Mukherjee 1969: 251

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0