1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ventilago Gaertn.
      1. Ventilago africana Exell

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda and N. Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

    Habit
    Stout liane to 30 m. long.
    Branches
    Branches somewhat zig-zag; branchlets essentially glabrous, often divaricate.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades ovate-lanceolate or narrowly ovate, 5–12 cm. long, 17–55 mm. broad, at base rounded, acute or usually shortly acuminate (with an acumen ± 1 cm. long), essentially glabrous, beneath with prominulent veins, with ± 6 or 7 pairs of secondary nerves, appressed serrate or appressed crenate; petioles 2–5 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate, 1–2 mm. long, subpersistent, glabrescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers borne in axillary glomerules of 4–10 flowers at nodes where the leaves are obsolete or often merely reduced to lanceolate bracts 2–4(–7) cm. long, the compound inflorescences 10–15 cm. long; branches vaguely panicle-like, both terminal and lateral on the branch system, when young minutety pubescent in lines;pedicels l–2(–3) mm. long in flower, 3–4(–5) mm. in fruit, at first minutely pubescent with tawny appressed hairs.
    Calyx
    Sepals deltoid, 1–1.3 mm. long, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals oblanceolate, ± 1 mm. long, strongly reflexed at anthesis, glabrous.
    Disc
    Disk glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit (3–)4–6 cm. long, the wing (7–)8–10 mm. broad, glabrous.
    Figures
    Fig. 11, p. 35.
    Habitat
    Apparently in rain-forest at about 1170 m.
    Distribution
    U4 Portuguese Guinea to Uganda and Angola
    [FWTA]

    Rhamnaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A large, evergreen, softly woody liane
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish
    Ecology
    In forest, especially marshy areas.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Ventilago africana Exell appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Bot. 65(Suppl. 1): 80 (1927)

    Accepted by

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Johnston, M.C. (1972). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rhamnaceae: 1-40.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Staner in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 15: 396, fig. 45.
    • in J. Bot. 65, Suppl. Polypet. 80 (1927)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • X. Hallé in Fl. Gabon 4: 56 (1962).
    • Evrard in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 446 (1960).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 670 (1958).
    • Verdc. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 27: 353 (1957).
    • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 32 (1956).
    • Staner in B.J. B.B. 15: 396 (1939).
    • Exell in Journal of Botany 65, Suppl. Polypet.: 80 (1927).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0