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  1. Family: Anisophylleaceae Ridl.
    1. Genus: Anisophyllea R.Br. ex Sabine
      1. Anisophyllea quangensis Engl. ex Henriq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to NW. Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Rhizophoraceae, A. R. Torre and A. E. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Rhizomatous, usually many-stemmed undershrub up to 0·8 m. high; branches tomentose when young and glabrescent with age (hairs short, slightly twisted, brownish-yellow); bark smooth or scarcely rough, brownish.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3–6 x 1–2·5 cm., ± elliptic to oblanceolate, rarely obovate, narrowed towards an acute or obtuse, ± apiculate, rarely rounded apex and cuneate to attenuate towards the petiole, or obtuse, symmetric or slightly asymmetric at the base, leathery, 5-nerved (the lower nerves close to the leaf margins); superior surface glossy, green or greenish-brown (tomentose to glabrescent when young; glabrous, or glabrate at the base, with age); inferior surface mat, yellowish-brown or yellowish-green (± tomentose when young, glabrous, or glabrate at the base, with age); petiole 1–4 mm. long, ± pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4(5)-merous, bisexual, in ± robust and upright, yellowish-brown, ± tomentose spikes (in the axils of the leaves borne on upper part of the branches); bracts 1·5–5 mm. long or more, subterete or ± foliaceous, tomentose.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 2–3 mm. long, triangular to deltate, ± tomentose.
    Corolla
    Petals 4 mm. long, 3-lobed (central lobe slender and undivided, lateral lobes broader and 2–3-laciniate), white.
    Stamens
    Stamens with filaments ± 2 mm. long, subulate, slightly incurved; anthers 0·5 mm. long, broadly ellipsoid.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2 mm. long, (3)4-locular; styles (3)4, 2 mm. long, pyriform, narrowing towards the apex and reflexed.
    Fruits
    Drupe 3·5 x 1·5 cm., ellipsoid, narrowing towards both extremities, reddish, edible.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Zambia, Zaïre

    Other Data

    Anisophyllea quangensis Engl. ex Henriq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Bol. Soc. Brot. 16: 76 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Chen, X., He, H. & Zhang, L.B. (2015). A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229(1): 1-189.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Chen, X., He, H. & Zhang, L.B. (2015). A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229(1): 1-189.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0