1. Family: Annonaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Annona L.
      1. Annona senegalensis Pers.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree (0.8–) 1.5–10m. tall; bark grey-brown, often rough and corrugated; young stems mostly ferruginous velvety to greyish tomentose, at length glabrous; leaf-bases and scars mostly prominent, often with raised lines decurrent beneath them.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades oblong to ovate or elliptic, (4–)6–18.5(–34) cm. long, 2.5–11.5(–26) cm. wide, obtuse or apiculate to rounded or slightly emarginate at the apex, cuneate or truncate to cordate at the base, papery to coriaceous, glabrous or sparsely pubescent above save for hairy midrib, glabrescent to thickly ferruginous velvety beneath; venation reticulate beneath; petiole (0.5–)1–2(–2.5) cm. long, glabrous to velvety tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or in fascicles of 2–4, extra-axillary; pedicels 1–2.7 cm. long, tomentose; bracteoles 1–2 or wanting, small.
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate-triangular, 3–4 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, obtuse to acute, pubescent or tomentose outside, glabrous inside.
    Corolla
    Petals greenish outside, creamy to yellowish or pinkish within, sometimes blotched with purple, or crimson blotched at base inside, fleshy; outer broadly ovate, 0.8–1.2(–1.5) cm. long, 0.9–1.1 cm. wide, obtuse, adpressed greyish or yellowish pubescent outside, glabrous or minutely papillose within; inner narrowly oblong, trigonous, 0.8–1 cm. long, 2.5–3 mm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens linear, 1.7–2.5 mm. long; anther-cells equal or unequal at the base; connective-prolongation obliquely capitate, minutely papillose.
    Carpels
    Carpels cylindric, 1–1.5 mm. long, glabrescent.
    Fruits
    Fruiting stalks 1.5–5 cm. long; fruits yellow or orange, ovoid or globose, 2.5–5 cm. long, 2.5–4 cm. wide; areoles slightly raised, very obtuse, glabrescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, orange-brown, cylindric, oblong or obovate-oblong, compressed, 0.8–1.4 cm. long, 4–6(–8.5) mm. wide, 3.5–5 mm. thick; aril fibrillated, ± 2 mm. long.
    Distribution
    As above with the addition of Angola
    [FZ]

    Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, c. 10 mm. long, cylindric or ± flattened, orange-brown; aril pectinate.
    Habit
    Shrub or small tree, 1.5–8 (10) m. high.
    Branches
    Branches cylindric or with opposite pairs of raised lines decurrent from the leaf-bases, ± densely brown- to yellow– or greyish-tomentose at first, eventually glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; lamina 6–18.5 (30) x 3–11.5 (21) cm., oblong to ovate or elliptic, obtuse or apiculate to rounded or slightly emarginate at the apex, cordate to truncate or cuneate at the base, chartaceous to coriaceous (more rarely membranous), yellowish-or glaucous-green and ± sparsely puberulous or more rarely glabrous above, paler or glaucous and densely sericeous-tomentose to glabrescent below, with green to reddish-purple nerves and densely reticulate venation prominent below; petiole (5) 10–20 (25) mm. long, densely tomentose to glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or rarely 2–4-fasciculate, extra-axillary, erect or ± deflexed; pedicels 10–20 mm. long, shortly tomentose; bracteoles 0–1 (2), small.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3–4 mm. long, ovate-triangular, obtuse to acute, pubescent or tomentose outside, glabrous within.
    Corolla
    Petals greenish outside, yellow to cream within, fleshy, the outer ones 8–12 (15) mm. long, broadly ovate, concave, obtuse, shortly and densely greyish- or yellowish-appressed-pubescent outside, glabrous, or minutely papillose within, the inner ones somewhat shorter, narrowly oblong, almost triquetrous.
    Stamens
    Stamens 1.75–2.5 mm. long, linear, with thecae equal or unequal at the base; connective-prolongation obliquely capitate and minutely papillose; filament ± cuneate.
    Carpels
    Carpels c. 1–1.5 mm. long, cylindric, glabrescent; stigmas subclavate.
    Fruits
    Fruit on a pedicel 15–30 mm. long, erector spreading; syncarp 2.5–5 x 2.5–3 cm., ovoid or globose, obtusely squamose, glabrescent, orange or yellow.
    [FWTA]

    Annonaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    A small tree, up to 25 ft. high.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Annona senegalensis Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1980 Terry, P.J. [3053], Gambia K000354662
    Jan 1, 1957 Adam, J.-.G. [12714], Guinea K000354666
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7680], Tanzania 8954.000
    Meikle, R.D. [1081], Nigeria 11887.000
    Lely, H.V. [391], Nigeria K000354668
    Chapman, J.D. [4121], Nigeria K000354673
    Ern, H. [3003], Togo K000354669
    Lisowski, S. [55221], Guinea K000354667
    Lawesson, J.E. [7421], Senegal K000354659
    Fox, R.H. [131], Gambia K000354661
    White, L.P. [47], Niger K000354671
    Gbile [65394], Nigeria K000354672
    Harris, T. [27], Mozambique K000545030
    Patel, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614358
    Adjanohoun, E.J. [235], Benin K000354670
    Guerra, J.A. [3799], Guinea-Bissau K000354664
    Laferrere, M. [58], Mali K000354663
    Tutin, C.E.G. [27], Senegal K000354660
    Alves Pereira, J. [1033], Guinea-Bissau K000354665
    Brunt, M.A. [51], Cameroon Annona arenaria K000105590
    White, F. [1837], Zambia Annona chrysophylla 15028.000
    Brunt, M.A. [234], Cameroon Annona chrysophylla K000105596

    First published in Syn. Pl. 2: 95 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 51 (1962).
    • Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 141 (1960).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 52 (1954).
    • Robyns & Ghesq. in Bulletin de la Société Royale de Botanique de Belgique 67: 35, fig. 4 & t. 3 (1934).
    • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 6: 78 (1901).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 16 (1868).
    • Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 95 (1806).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0