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This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to S. Tropical America, Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

Morphology General Habit
A large evergreen tree up to 45 m. tall, with a thick rounded or flatly-spreading crown; with or without basal buttresses up to 3 m. high.
Morphology General Bark
Bark grey-brown, rough, finely and often long-fissured.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, lanceolate, elliptic, ovate-elliptic, lanceolate- or oblanceolate-elliptic, 5.5–12 (–15) × 1.5–3.5(–5) cm., long, narrowed to an acute or obtuse apex, sometimes acuminate, similarly or more shortly narrowed to the base (or there rounded to cordate on sterile branches); primary nerves up to 24 “pairs,” irregularly parallel, very prominent below; dark green and glabrous and sometimes shining above, buff and usually with ± appressed fulvous hairs on the midrib below and sometimes on the primary nerves, with the intervening tissues variably glabrous to densely hirsute with appressed hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence paniculate, terminal or axillary, much-branched, shortly but thickly hairy to shaggy with irregularly spreading or ascending silky or brown hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in (usually) triflorous cymes, 4–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cup-shaped, basally abruptly gibbous, the lobes triangular, 1.75–3.5 mm. long, acute, rather spreading, hairy as the bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, ovate, readily caducous, of approximately the same length as the calyx-lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments of antheriferous stamens 1.75–3 mm. long; staminodes reduced to very small teeth not exceeding 0.75 to 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary shaggy with long hairs; style 2.5–5 mm. long, the stigma flatly capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe ovoid to obliquely ellipsoid, up to 5 × 3.2 cm. when mature and dried, sometimes suborbicular, covered with small, thin patches of cork.

[FZ]

Chrysobalanaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Large evergreen tree up to 35 m. tall.
Morphology General Crown
Crown rounded, dense, dark green.
Morphology General Bark
Bark fairly smooth or with deep longitudinal fissures.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 10 x 3·5 cm., narrowly elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, apex usually acuminate or subacuminate, very rarely acute, base usually acute, sometimes rounded, never subcordate, lateral nerves in 22–24 pairs; petiole 0·5–1 cm. long; stipules up to 2 x 0·2 cm., papery, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal and axillary, up to 12 x 9 cm., lax or congested; inflorescence-axes and outside of flowers fulvous- or grey-tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle-tube 0·2–0·3 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals 0·25 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8; filaments 0·2 cm. long; staminodes 7–8, 0·02–0·1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 0·25–0·35 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe ellipsoid c. 4 x 2·5 cm.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 90 - 250 m.; Amazonia, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[FWTA]

Rosaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A large evergreen forest tree
Morphology General Indumentum
Pale tomentose branchlets and inflorescence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit rough-skinned, sometimes eaten.

Native to:

Angola, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Uganda, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre

Parinari excelsa Sabine appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1493], Mato Grosso K000447844
Mar 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1197], Mato Grosso K000447843
Mar 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1260], Mato Grosso K000447842
Feb 1, 2001 Hafashimana, D.L.N. [559], Uganda K000103695
Jul 1, 1995 Gereau [3928], Tanzania K000103731
Jan 1, 1994 Hart, T.B. [1152], Zaïre K000103589
Mar 1, 1993 Cunningham, A.B. [3032], Uganda K000103718
Jan 1, 1991 Prance, G.T. [30515], Malawi K000103810
Feb 1, 1963 Myers, J.G. [11808], Sudan K000103678
Jun 1, 1962 Osmaston, H.A. [2770], Uganda K000103720
Jan 1, 1953 Chevalier, A. [16204], Ivory Coast K000103559 isotype
Jan 1, 1953 Chevalier, A. [22295], Ivory Coast K000103560 paratype
Sierra Leone K000313172
Troupin, G. [2616], Rwanda K000103624
Deighton, F.C. [5346], Sierra Leone 16486.000
Deighton, F.C. [514], Sierra Leone K000103547
Deighton, F.C. [5346], Sierra Leone K000103552
Dalziel, J.M. [8383], Gambia K000103538
Dalziel, J.M. [8384], Guinea K000103544
Le Testu, G. [9590], Gabon K000103535
Le Testu, G. [8053], Gabon K000103536
Fanshawe, D.B. [3193], Zambia K000103814
Chevalier, A. [15109], Guinea K000103543
Harley, R.M. [9351] K000103722
White, F. [3503], Zambia K000103815
Daramola, B.O. [576], Nigeria K000103696
Greenway [3328] K000103727
Louis, J. [2781], Zaïre K000103591
Baldwin, J.T. [10463], Liberia K000103555
Baldwin, J.T. [6085], Liberia K000103556
Baldwin, J.T. [9574], Liberia K000103557
Morton, J.K. [SL 774], Sierra Leone K000103549
Scott Elliot, G.F. [4998], Sierra Leone K000103553 isotype
Gossweiler [9949], Angola K000103816
Dawe, M.T. [18], Gambia K000103533
Bakshi, T.S. [385], Sierra Leone K000103551
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [2623], Ivory Coast K000103561
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [2814], Ivory Coast K000103562
Ducke, A. [24181], Brazil K000220810
Chapman, J.D. [5452], Nigeria K000103569
Glaziou, A.F.M. [2560], Rio de Janeiro K000220811
Muller, T. [1470], Malawi K000103808
Greenway, P.G. [989], Tanzania K000103732
Lewalle, J. [1505], Burundi K000103623
Hall [GC 39252], Ghana K000103567
Vollesen, K. [4143], Tanzania K000103730
Semsei, S.R. [4106], Tanzania K000103725
Semsei, S.R. [4217], Tanzania K000103733
Mann [885], Sierra Leone K000310039 Unknown type material
Mann [885] K000103546 Unknown type material
Richards, H.M. [10229] K000103724
Cooper, G.P. [93], Liberia K000103534
Cooper, G.P. [270], Liberia K000103558
Schomburgk [785], Guyana K000220809
Bamps, P. [2259], Ivory Coast K000103564
Sankey, H.J. [19], Nigeria K000103570
Leonard, A. [3138], Zaïre K000103593
Leonard, A. [2387], Congo K000103627
Polhill, R.M. [1497] K000103721
Holst, C. [2425], Tanzania K000103728 isolectotype
Le Testu [1942], Gabon K000103622
Whyte, A. [sn], Malawi K000103813 lectotype
Tessmann, G. [893], Equatorial Guinea K000103620
Don, G. [sn], Sierra Leone K000103545 lectotype
Thomas, N.W. [9092], Sierra Leone K000103548
Heudelot [633] K000103537
Tisserant, R.P. [1307], Central African Republic K000103621
Devred, R. [1102], Zaïre K000103590
Lisowski, S. [51546], Guinea K000103541
Langdale-Brown, I. [2595], Guinea K000103542
d'Orey, J. [79] K000103539
Hart, T.B. [93], Zaïre K000103592
Kennedy, J.D. [1643], Nigeria K000103571
Fox, J.E.D. [59], Sierra Leone K000103550
Thompson, H.N. [14] K000103563
Milne-Redhead [9113], Tanzania K000103726
Pierlot, R. [3222], Congo K000103625
Newbould [2335] K000103723
Espirito Santo [1124] K000103540
Harten, A.M. van [232], Liberia K000103554
Geerling [759], Ivory Coast K000103565
Geerling [2283], Ivory Coast K000103566
Green, G.S. [899], Ghana K000103568
Faremi, I.B. [663], Nigeria K000103572
Jones [FHI 16701], Nigeria K000103573
Smeyers [24], Zaïre K000103594
Gerard, Ph. [2341], Zaïre K000103595
Delvaux [716], Congo K000103626
Philip, M.S. [385], Uganda K000103719
Iversen [85032], Tanzania K000103729
Thompson [5691], Malawi K000103812
Barbosa, L.A. Grandvaux [4506], Mozambique K000103807
Chapman, E.G. [137], Malawi K000103809
Chapman [7826], Malawi K000103811
Timberlake, J. [5293], Mozambique K000614023
Timberlake, J. [5463], Mozambique K000614444

First published in Trans. Hort. Soc. London 5: 451 (1824)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Prance, G.T. & Sothers, C.A. (2003). Chrysobalanaceae 1 & 2 Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 9, 10: 1-319, 1-268. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Hauman in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 21: 191.
  • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 146, t. 50 B
  • —F.T.A. 2: 367

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Prance, G.T. & Sothers, C.A. (2003). Chrysobalanaceae 1 & 2 Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 9, 10: 1-319, 1-268. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • R. Grah. in Kew Bulletin 1957: 229 (1957).
  • Sabine in Trans. Hort. Soc. 5: 451 (1824).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
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