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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ghana to Ethiopia and S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

[FZ]

Rosaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Habit
A much-branched evergreen tree c. 10 (up to 25) m. high, or rarely a shrub 3–5 m. tall, entirely glabrous except for the flowers.
Bark
Bark dark brown to grey, rugged.
Leaves
Leaves petiolate; lamina (4)6–11(15) x 2–4(5·5) cm., elliptic, lanceolate-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, coriaceous or subcoriaceous, the apex obtuse to subacuminate, the base broadly cuneate to rarely rounded, margins coarsely crenate-serrate to subentire with dark glandular dots in the incisions (the most proximal gland on one or both margins of the leaf sometimes conspicuous); petiole 1–2 cm. long, channelled, often reddish; stipules ± linear, 1·5–2·0 cm. long, caducous.
Inflorescences
Racemes usually solitary, 2–5(8) cm. long, 7–15-flowered, arising from the axils of scales at the base of lateral shoots which may also produce leaves in their upper part; peduncle usually 5–10 mm. long; pedicels (3)5–7(10) mm. long; bracts triangular, small, soon caducous.
Perianth
Perianth (4)5(6)-merous, sometimes irregularly so.
Calyx
Calyx-tube ± cyathiform, (3·0)3·5–4·0(5·0) mm. in diameter at the mouth, rather fleshy, glabrous outside, usually hairy inside; calyx-lobes 1–1·5 mm. long, triangular, glabrous except for the ciliate apex.
Corolla
Petals up to 2 mm. long, creamy-white, elliptic to oblong, reflexed, hairy abaxially especially towards their margins and sometimes adaxially also.
Stamens
Stamens 25–35; filaments c. 1·5 mm. long, glabrous; anthers didymous, 0·5–1·0 mm. long.
Pistil
Ovary ± ovoid, sparsely longhaired; style c. 1·5 mm. long, sparsely haired; stigma peltate, slightly 2-or 3-lobed.
Fruits
Fruit 5–8 x 8–12 mm., transversely ellipsoid, broader than long, slightly didymous and thus appearing as if 2-locular, dry, usually glabrous, red to purplish-brown.

[FTEA]

Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

Habit
A fine evergreen tree with somewhat pendulous branches, up to 36 m. tall (rarely a shrub to 4.5 m. tall), glabrous except for the flowers.
Bark
Bark dark brown to grey, longitudinally fissured; branchlets smooth with lenticels 1–2 mm. long, their rims eminently labial.
Leaves
Leaves matt or shining, thick and leathery, elliptic-oblong, ovate, or obovate, commonly three times as long as broad and up to 15 × 5.2 cm., acute or obtuse or shortly acuminate, basally shortly cuneate to rounded, crenate-serrate with many shallow serratures each with a black, readily caducous, terminal cusp.
Stipules
Stipules ± linear, 1.5–2.0 mm. long, caducous.
Inflorescences
Inflorescence a congested or open, erect, spreading or pendulous, sometimes rather fleshy raceme 3.5–8.0 cm. long, arising singly or in fascicles of 2–4 from axils on the new growth of the preceding year, and sometimes branched from near the base, 7–15-flowered; pedicels (3–)5–7(–11) mm. long, usually ± rigid.
Calyx
Calyx-tube 3.5–5.5 mm. in diameter at the mouth, glabrous and often rather fleshy outside; inner receptacle surface often villous; calyx-lobes deltoid, 1.5 mm. long, acute, glabrous or with scattered hairs.
Corolla
Petals 5, creamy-white, spathulate, ± 2 mm. long, ciliate to villous, often revolute.
Filaments
Filaments (1.5–)2 mm. long.
Pistil
Style 2 mm. long, usually with at least a few hairs and often villous; stigma 2- or obscurely 3-lobed; ovary ± ovoid, often villous.
Fruits
Drupe red to dark reddish-brown when ripe, rounded-ellipsoid, up to 0.7 cm. long, 1.1 cm. in diameter, and appearing as if bilocular, the hardened remains of the style persistent as a cusp.
Figures
Fig. 6.
Habitat
Upland rain-forest and riverine forest, or on termite-hills in Brachystegia woodland; 900–3000 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 U2

[FWTA]

Rosaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Flowers
Flowers white
Petiole
Petioles red.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13485], Cameroon K000518722
Jun 1, 2004 Biye, E. [112], Cameroon K000746449
Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4710], Cameroon K000212801
Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7358], Cameroon K000109641
Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7591], Cameroon K000109642
Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7600], Cameroon K000109644
Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7254], Cameroon K000109643
Feb 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4373], Cameroon K000109639
Feb 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1678], Cameroon K000109640
Feb 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2281], Cameroon K000337848
Feb 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3484], Cameroon K000337849
Jun 1, 1964 Chase, N.C. [1762], Zimbabwe K000049607
Jun 1, 1964 Rutherford-Smith, R. [103], Zimbabwe K000049608
Jun 1, 1964 Mann G. [1207], Cameroon K000107420 Unknown type material
Jun 1, 1964 Mann G. [1207], Cameroon K000107419 Unknown type material
Apr 1, 1964 Tiku, D.A. [FHI 22232], Cameroon K000107416
Chase, N.C. [6198], Zimbabwe K000049609
Chase, N.C. [8442], Zimbabwe K000049605
Chase, N.C. [7853], Zimbabwe K000049615
Chase, N.C. [7853], Zimbabwe K000049614
Chase, N.C. [6198], Zimbabwe K000049613
Davies, R.M. [2503], Zimbabwe K000049611
Maitland, T.D. [495], Cameroon K000107414
Pardy, A.A. [29/56], Zimbabwe K000049612
Mann, G. [2165], Cameroon K000107415
Thomas, D.W. [2945], Cameroon K000107413
Chapman, J.D. [9357], Malawi K000049596
Biegel, H.M. [2410], Zimbabwe K000049610
Tawakali, E.J. [347], Malawi K000049600
Goldsmith, B. [66/66], Zimbabwe K000049606
Banda, E.A. [2088], Malawi K000049595
Müller, T. [1672], Malawi K000049602
Müller, T. [1543], Malawi K000049603
Müller, T. [505], Mozambique K000049604
Balaka, J.L. [1197], Malawi K000049597
Kwatha, R.B. [239], Malawi K000049601
Kaunda, K. [83], Malawi K000049599
Nachamba, W. [74], Malawi K000049598
Timberlake, J. [5269], Mozambique K000613998
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614826
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614827
Brunt, M.A. [978], Cameroon K000107418
Milne-Redhead, E. [10877], Tanzania Pygeum africanum 11659.000

First published in Blumea 13(1): 33 (1965)

Accepted by

  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Pankhurst, R. in Pankhurst, R. (2007-2013). Rosaceae database [IOPI].
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Graham, R.A. (1960). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rosaceae: 1-61.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides
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