1. Family: Rosaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Prunus L.
      1. Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ghana to Ethiopia and S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Rosaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    A much-branched evergreen tree c. 10 (up to 25) m. high, or rarely a shrub 3–5 m. tall, entirely glabrous except for the flowers.
    Bark
    Bark dark brown to grey, rugged.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; lamina (4)6–11(15) x 2–4(5·5) cm., elliptic, lanceolate-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, coriaceous or subcoriaceous, the apex obtuse to subacuminate, the base broadly cuneate to rarely rounded, margins coarsely crenate-serrate to subentire with dark glandular dots in the incisions (the most proximal gland on one or both margins of the leaf sometimes conspicuous); petiole 1–2 cm. long, channelled, often reddish; stipules ± linear, 1·5–2·0 cm. long, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes usually solitary, 2–5(8) cm. long, 7–15-flowered, arising from the axils of scales at the base of lateral shoots which may also produce leaves in their upper part; peduncle usually 5–10 mm. long; pedicels (3)5–7(10) mm. long; bracts triangular, small, soon caducous.
    Perianth
    Perianth (4)5(6)-merous, sometimes irregularly so.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube ± cyathiform, (3·0)3·5–4·0(5·0) mm. in diameter at the mouth, rather fleshy, glabrous outside, usually hairy inside; calyx-lobes 1–1·5 mm. long, triangular, glabrous except for the ciliate apex.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 2 mm. long, creamy-white, elliptic to oblong, reflexed, hairy abaxially especially towards their margins and sometimes adaxially also.
    Stamens
    Stamens 25–35; filaments c. 1·5 mm. long, glabrous; anthers didymous, 0·5–1·0 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary ± ovoid, sparsely longhaired; style c. 1·5 mm. long, sparsely haired; stigma peltate, slightly 2-or 3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5–8 x 8–12 mm., transversely ellipsoid, broader than long, slightly didymous and thus appearing as if 2-locular, dry, usually glabrous, red to purplish-brown.
    [FTEA]

    Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Habit
    A fine evergreen tree with somewhat pendulous branches, up to 36 m. tall (rarely a shrub to 4.5 m. tall), glabrous except for the flowers.
    Bark
    Bark dark brown to grey, longitudinally fissured; branchlets smooth with lenticels 1–2 mm. long, their rims eminently labial.
    Leaves
    Leaves matt or shining, thick and leathery, elliptic-oblong, ovate, or obovate, commonly three times as long as broad and up to 15 × 5.2 cm., acute or obtuse or shortly acuminate, basally shortly cuneate to rounded, crenate-serrate with many shallow serratures each with a black, readily caducous, terminal cusp.
    Stipules
    Stipules ± linear, 1.5–2.0 mm. long, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a congested or open, erect, spreading or pendulous, sometimes rather fleshy raceme 3.5–8.0 cm. long, arising singly or in fascicles of 2–4 from axils on the new growth of the preceding year, and sometimes branched from near the base, 7–15-flowered; pedicels (3–)5–7(–11) mm. long, usually ± rigid.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 3.5–5.5 mm. in diameter at the mouth, glabrous and often rather fleshy outside; inner receptacle surface often villous; calyx-lobes deltoid, 1.5 mm. long, acute, glabrous or with scattered hairs.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, creamy-white, spathulate, ± 2 mm. long, ciliate to villous, often revolute.
    Filaments
    Filaments (1.5–)2 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Style 2 mm. long, usually with at least a few hairs and often villous; stigma 2- or obscurely 3-lobed; ovary ± ovoid, often villous.
    Fruits
    Drupe red to dark reddish-brown when ripe, rounded-ellipsoid, up to 0.7 cm. long, 1.1 cm. in diameter, and appearing as if bilocular, the hardened remains of the style persistent as a cusp.
    Figures
    Fig. 6.
    Habitat
    Upland rain-forest and riverine forest, or on termite-hills in Brachystegia woodland; 900–3000 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 U2
    [FWTA]

    Rosaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Flowers
    Flowers white
    Petiole
    Petioles red.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13485], Cameroon K000518722
    Jun 1, 2004 Biye, E. [112], Cameroon K000746449
    Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4710], Cameroon K000212801
    Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7358], Cameroon K000109641
    Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7591], Cameroon K000109642
    Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7600], Cameroon K000109644
    Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7254], Cameroon K000109643
    Feb 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4373], Cameroon K000109639
    Feb 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1678], Cameroon K000109640
    Feb 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2281], Cameroon K000337848
    Feb 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3484], Cameroon K000337849
    Jun 1, 1964 Chase, N.C. [1762], Zimbabwe K000049607
    Jun 1, 1964 Rutherford-Smith, R. [103], Zimbabwe K000049608
    Jun 1, 1964 Mann G. [1207], Cameroon K000107420 Unknown type material
    Jun 1, 1964 Mann G. [1207], Cameroon K000107419 Unknown type material
    Apr 1, 1964 Tiku, D.A. [FHI 22232], Cameroon K000107416
    Chase, N.C. [6198], Zimbabwe K000049609
    Chase, N.C. [8442], Zimbabwe K000049605
    Chase, N.C. [7853], Zimbabwe K000049615
    Chase, N.C. [7853], Zimbabwe K000049614
    Chase, N.C. [6198], Zimbabwe K000049613
    Davies, R.M. [2503], Zimbabwe K000049611
    Maitland, T.D. [495], Cameroon K000107414
    Pardy, A.A. [29/56], Zimbabwe K000049612
    Mann, G. [2165], Cameroon K000107415
    Thomas, D.W. [2945], Cameroon K000107413
    Chapman, J.D. [9357], Malawi K000049596
    Biegel, H.M. [2410], Zimbabwe K000049610
    Tawakali, E.J. [347], Malawi K000049600
    Goldsmith, B. [66/66], Zimbabwe K000049606
    Banda, E.A. [2088], Malawi K000049595
    Müller, T. [1672], Malawi K000049602
    Müller, T. [1543], Malawi K000049603
    Müller, T. [505], Mozambique K000049604
    Balaka, J.L. [1197], Malawi K000049597
    Kwatha, R.B. [239], Malawi K000049601
    Kaunda, K. [83], Malawi K000049599
    Nachamba, W. [74], Malawi K000049598
    Timberlake, J. [5269], Mozambique K000613998
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614826
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614827
    Brunt, M.A. [978], Cameroon K000107418
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10877], Tanzania Pygeum africanum 11659.000

    First published in Blumea 13(1): 33 (1965)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pankhurst, R. in Pankhurst, R. (2007-2013). Rosaceae database [IOPI].
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Graham, R.A. (1960). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rosaceae: 1-61.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/