1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Agropyron Gaertn.
      1. Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, N. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms decumbent; 20-70 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2 mm long. Leaf-blades involute; 6-12 cm long; 1.5-3 mm wide; stiff.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; oblong; bilateral; 1-5 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Rhachis pilose on surface. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 8-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 8-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 3-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; keeled all along; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-2 mm long. Upper glume ovate; 3-5 mm long; 0.66 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; keeled all along; 3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins convergent at apex. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-2 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 5-7 mm long; chartaceous; keeled; keeled above; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pilose. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 3-4 mm long overall; limb scabrous. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; sulcate on hilar side; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis. Disseminule comprising a floret.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, China, and Mongolia. Asia-tropical: India. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, north-central USA, and northeast USA.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Iraq.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Altay, Amur, Austria, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, Chita, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Egypt, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Magadan, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, South European Russi, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alaska, Alberta, British Columbia, California, Chile South, Colorado, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Labrador, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Mexico Northeast, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Québec, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, Yukon

    Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Keng, F. [5334], China K000731546
    Sukhonosenko, L. [s.n.], Ukraine K000731545
    Alexeenko, T. [s.n.], Krym Agropyron cristatum subsp. ponticum K000950607
    Webb [s.n.], New South Wales Agropyron pectinatum K000950597
    Pantu, Z.C. [353], Romania Agropyron cristatum subsp. brandzae K000950608

    First published in Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. 14(1): 540 (1770)

    Accepted by

    • Barina, Z., Pifkó, D. & Mesterházy, A. (2011). Contributions to the flora of Albania, 3 Willdenowia 41: 329-339.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sheremetova, S.A., Ebel, A.L. & Buko, T.E. (2011). Supplement to the flora of Kemerovo region since 2001 till 2010 Turczaninowia 14(1): 65-74.
    • Barina, Z., Pifkó, D. & Mesterházy, A. (2011). Contributions to the flora of Albania, 3 Willdenowia 41: 329-339.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Probatova, N.S. & al. (2006). Flora Rossi?skogo Dal'nego Vostoka. Dopolneniya i izmeneniya k izdaniyu Sosudistye rasteniya sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka t. 1-8 (1985-1996): 1-454. Russian academy of sciences Far Eastern branch.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0