1. Family: Rosaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rubus L.
      1. Rubus niveus Thunb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Afghanistan to Central China and Indo-China, Jawa.

    [FZ]

    Rosaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Shrub to c. 2 m. high.
    Branches
    Flowering branches glabrous except in the inflorescence, white-pruinose at first, becoming glossy and dark reddish or purplish; prickles 4–7 mm. long, straight to weakly decurved, at first pruinose and then glossy like the stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves 10–17 x 4–8 cm., 2–3-jugate; petiole and rhachis tomentose, glabrescent, bearing hooked prickles; lateral leaflets subsessile, the terminal one with petiolule 1·5–2 cm. long.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets elliptic to ovate-acute, the terminal one broader than the laterals and often somewhat cordate at the base and cuspidate at the apex; margins shallowly singly or doubly serrate, the veins excurrent; superior surface dark greyish-green, glabrous; inferior surface white-felted, with prominent veins, the midrib not prickly; leaflets somewhat plicate along the lines of lateral veins.
    Stipules
    Stipules lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and axillary, shorter than the leaves, often few-flowered; peduncles and pedicels pale greyish-tomentose, longer than bracts and bracteoles.
    Calyx
    Calyx whitish-tomentose, deeply divided into narrowly ovate, shortly acuminate lobes 4–5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals shorter than sepals, white to mauvish-pink or red, with broad subcircular limb and narrow claw, caducous.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5–7 mm. long, 8–10 mm. broad, cordate in longitudinal section, purplish when ripe; carpels pubescent.
    [FTEA]

    Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Habit
    An erect, bushy shrub.
    Stem
    Stems glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate (2–3-jugate); leaflets green and thinly hairy above, whitish-grey-tomentose beneath; the terminal leaflets broadly ovate, basally cordate, larger than the elliptic or ± ovate-elliptic lateral leaflets.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence short, ± corymbose, leafy and usually overtopped by leaves.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes ± 5 mm. long, exceeding the petals, densely pilose.
    Carpels
    Carpels densely tomentose.
    Distribution
    K4 T2 T3 an Indian and Malayan bramble, introduced into East Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Assam, China North-Central, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Bolivia, Brazil South, Cape Provinces, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, Galápagos, Guatemala, Kenya, Malawi, Nicaragua, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Rubus niveus Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 19, 1973 Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Sikkim K000737934 holotype
    Oct 19, 1973 [Geu lua], H.B. [s.n.], India K000737941
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K000737933
    Wallich [s.n.], India K000737942
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Jawa K000737968 Unknown type material
    Horsfield, T. [1139], Jawa K000737969
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 734], Nepal K001111740
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 734], Nepal K001111741
    Timberlake, J. [5367], Mozambique K000614365
    Thwaites, G.H.K. [1534], Sri Lanka K000737937 holotype
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000397388
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Sikkim Rubus lasiocarpus K000737944
    Wallich [s.n.] Rubus lasiocarpus K000737938 holotype
    Wallich [s.n.], Nepal Rubus lasiocarpus K000737945 holotype
    s.coll. [s.n.] Rubus lasiocarpus K000737940
    s.coll. [s.n.], India Rubus lasiocarpus K000737939 holotype
    s.coll. [s.n.], Darjiling Rubus lasiocarpus K000737943
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 742] Rubus lasiocarpus K001111751
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 742] Rubus lasiocarpus K001111753
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 742], India Rubus lasiocarpus K001111754
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 742] Rubus lasiocarpus K001111755
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 742] Rubus lasiocarpus K001111756
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 742] Rubus lasiocarpus K001111757
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 742] Rubus lasiocarpus K001111758
    Leschenault de la Tour, J.B. [Cat. no. 742], India Rubus lasiocarpus K001111752

    First published in De Rubo: 9 (1813)

    Accepted by

    • Funez, L.A. & al. (2017). Fifty-five new records of vascular plants, and other discoveries for the flora of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 72: 221-275.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Nayar, T.S., Beegam, A.R. & Sibi, M. (2014). Flowering Plants of the Western Ghats, India 1: 1-933. Jawaharlal Nehru, Tropical botanic garden and research institute.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2014). Flora of North America North of Mexico 9: 1-713. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Watson, M.F. & al. (eds.) (2011). Flora of Nepal 3: 1-425. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 9: 1-494. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Harling, G. & Andersson, L. (eds.) (1996). Flora of Ecuador 56: 1-169. Gothenburg University.
    • (1992-1994). Flora Malesiana 11: 1-768. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987). Flora of Bhutan 1(3): 466-834. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Haridasan, K. & Raghavendra Rao, R. (1985). Forest Flora of Meghalaya 1: 1-450. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1970-1975). Flora of Thailand 2: 1-484. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Browicz, K. & al. (1969). Rosaceae I Flora Iranica 66: 1-217. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Thuan, N.V. (1968). Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viêt-Nam 7: 1-83. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Graham, R.A. (1960). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rosaceae: 1-61.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Funez, L.A. & al. (2017). Fifty-five new records of vascular plants, and other discoveries for the flora of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 72: 221-275.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Nayar, T.S., Beegam, A.R. & Sibi, M. (2014). Flowering Plants of the Western Ghats, India 1: 1-933. Jawaharlal Nehru, Tropical botanic garden and research institute.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2014). Flora of North America North of Mexico 9: 1-713. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Watson, M.F. & al. (eds.) (2011). Flora of Nepal 3: 1-425. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Missouri Botanic Garden (2005). Vascular Tropicos Nomenclatural Database http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 9: 1-494. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Harling, G. & Andersson, L. (eds.) (1996). Flora of Ecuador 56: 1-169. Gothenburg University.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Browicz, K. & al. (1969). Rosaceae I Flora Iranica 66: 1-217. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Graham, R.A. (1960). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rosaceae: 1-61.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Focke in Bibl. Bot. 72: 182 (1911).
    • Thunb., Dissert. Rubi: 9 (1813).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0