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This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. China to Tropical Asia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Rosaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit red, edible but rather insipid.
Note
Cultivated and often naturalized in certain localities within our area.

[FZ]

Rosaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Low straggling perennial herb, the stems, leaves and carpels usually dotted with glistening sessile greenish-yellow glands.
Morphology Branches
Flowering branches villous, reddish-brown, sparsely prickly; prickles up to 3 mm. long, straight or weakly decurved.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 7–15 x 3·5–10 cm., 2–3-jugate or the uppermost ternate or simple; petiole and rhachis villous, with a few weakly hooked prickles 1–2 mm. long; lateral leaflets subsessile, the terminal one with petiolule 0·3–1·0 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets narrowly ovate-acute to -acuminate, the terminal one larger than the laterals and more gradually tapered at the apex; margins jaggedly doubly serrated, the primary serratures (2)6 mm. deep; superior surface green, sparsely pilose; inferior surface paler green, pilose on veins, the midrib not or very sparsely prickly.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules delicate, filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, terminal and axillary; pedicels 0·5–2·0 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tomentose and weakly villous, deeply divided; lobes c. 13 mm. long, ovate-lanceolate with caudate apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals a little shorter than to slightly exceeding sepals, broadly obovate, white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle elongating when mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ellipsoid, up to 2 cm. long, yellow to scarlet and edible when ripe; carpels borne “in hundreds”, c. 1 mm. long, glabrous.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 2500 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
frambuesa, la mora, mora silvestre, fresa de monte

[FTEA]

Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

Morphology General Habit
A handsome scrambling shrub up to 2.5 m. tall, with erect or arching stems covered although scarcely densely so with long spreading white hairs interspersed with scattered or locally numerous amber-green glands.
Morphology General Prickles
Prickles scattered, small, up to 3 mm. long, straight or abruptly decurved.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves imparipinnate (or the uppermost simple), 3–5-jugate (5–7(–11)-jugate on the turions); leaflets up to 7.5–9 × 3.5 cm., ovate to oblong-lanceolate, long drawn-out to an acute apex and with a shortly cuneate, rounded or ± truncate base, jaggedly doubly-serrated, the primary serratures saw-like, up to 5 mm. deep, covered above and below with rather long whitish hairs but usually more sparsely so and paler green beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence consisting of axillary and terminal flowers, borne singly on pedicels 2–4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (2–)2.5–3(–4) cm. in diameter when fully open.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deeply divided; lobes lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate with a caudate apex, 8–20 mm. long, connate for 3–4 mm. at the base, exceeding the petals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white turning to pink, broadly ovate to subcircular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels not more than 1 mm. long, produced “in hundreds.” Receptacle elongating, becoming ellipsoid-cylindrical, up to 2 cm. long (? more) when fully mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruit scarlet, glistening, edible.
Habitat
Edges of upland and lowland rain-forests and plantations, secondary bushland, abandoned cultivations, etc.; 900–1450 m.
Distribution
a native of eastern Asia, introduced into Africa, and quite commonly naturalized. T2 T3 U4

Native to:

Assam, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Colombia, Comoros, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Marquesas, Mauritius, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Society Is., Swaziland, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Victoria, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Rubus rosifolius Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 12, 2008 Ambriansyah et al. [AA 2642] K000229941
Aug 12, 2008 Ramadhanil et al. [271] K000229938
Aug 12, 2008 Ingle [197], Philippines K000229940
Aug 12, 2008 Takeuchi [12095], Papua New Guinea K000229939
Mar 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [415], Cameroon K000212805
Jan 1, 2004 Ghogue, J.-P. [1049], Cameroon K000212814
Jan 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10755], Cameroon K000212738
Oct 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [919 A], Cameroon K000212812
Feb 1, 2002 Ensermu, K. [3530], Cameroon K000025763
Feb 1, 2002 Lane, P. [310], Cameroon K000109653
Feb 1, 2002 Pollard, B.J. [198], Cameroon K000109654
Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [8969], Cameroon K000109655
Feb 1, 2002 Kenfack, D. [221], Cameroon K000109652
Jan 1, 1987 Manning, S.D. [619], Cameroon K000107388
Jun 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [13930], Cameroon K000107427
Jan 1, 1973 Breteler, F.J. [300], Cameroon K000107423
Jan 1, 1973 Morton, J.K. [6695], Cameroon K000107422
Jan 1, 1971 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8141], Cameroon K000107386
Drummond, R.B. [2966], Tanzania 15643.000
McWhirter, J. [115], Madagascar 32163.000
Thomas, D.W. [3300], Cameroon K000107387
s.coll. [Cat. no. 728] K001111725
Elmer, A.D.E. [10465], Philippines K000762016 Unknown type material
Staunton, G. [s.n.], China K000737842
Upson, T. [28], Cameroon K000107385

First published in Pl. Icon. Ined. 3: t. 60 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 81-89: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Graham, R.A. (1960). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rosaceae: 1-61.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987). Flora of Bhutan 1(3): 466-834. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1970-1975). Flora of Thailand 2: 1-484. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 2: 989-1918. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Watson, M.F. & al. (eds.) (2011). Flora of Nepal 3: 1-425. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 9: 1-494. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gustafsson in Arkiv. för Bot. 26A, 7: 11.
  • Pl. Ic. Hact. Ined. 3, t. 60 (1791)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 81-89: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Graham, R.A. (1960). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rosaceae: 1-61.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990). Census of Australian vascular plants Australian Flora and Fauna Series 11: 1-650.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Missouri Botanic Garden (2005). Vascular Tropicos Nomenclatural Database http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html.
  • Nielsen, I.C. & al. (1992-1994). Flora Malesiana 11: 1-768. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 2: 989-1918. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Watson, M.F. & al. (eds.) (2011). Flora of Nepal 3: 1-425. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Webb, C.J., Sykes, W.R. & Garnock-Jones, P.J. (1988). Flora of New Zealand 4: 1-1365. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 9: 1-494. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. E. Gust. in Arkiv Bot. 26 (7): 11 (1934).
  • Focke im Bibl. Bot. 72: 153, fig. 65 (1911).
  • Harvey in Fl. Cap. 2: 286 (1862).
  • Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 341 (1878).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 478 (1949).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 426 (1958).
  • Sm., Pl. Ic. Ined. t. 60 (1791).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
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