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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine.
Eleusine indica

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 3000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
espartillo, grama, grama de horqueta, grama de matojo, grama de moño, gramablanca, hierba dulce, horquetilla, matojo dulce, mogote, paja de burro, pasto estrada, pata de galli pata de gallo, pataegalli pategalli rabo de burro, yerba del patio, yerba dulce

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 0 - 3000 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Introduced and naturalised in Colombia.
Conservation
Least concern.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Basal innovations flabellate. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; slender; 15-85 cm long. Culm-internodes elliptical in section. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths keeled; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.6-1 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades conduplicate; 5-35 cm long; 2.5-6 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle glabrous (at raceme base). Racemes 1-10(-17); single (rarely), or digitate; unilateral; 3.5-15.5 cm long; 3-3.5 mm wide. Rhachis wingless; flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 3-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 3-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 1-2.3 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 1.8-2.9 mm long; 0.7-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; winged on keel; 3 -veined (with subsidiaries in keel). Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate in profile; 2.1-3.6 mm long; membranous; 3 -veined (excluding subsidiaries). Lemma midvein with contiguous subsidiary veins (3-veined). Lemma apex acute. Palea 0.9-1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; isodiametric; trigonous; concealed by floret; 1-1.3 mm long; black; striate.
Distribution
Europe: northern, southwestern, and southeastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. North America: eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
Reference
Eragrostideae. FTEA.

[UPB]
Use Gene Sources
Crop wild relatives which may possess beneficial traits of value in breeding programmes (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Aldabra, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Algeria, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Ascension, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, California, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, France, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Italy, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Kriti, Leeward Is., Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Marcus I., Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Nauru, Nebraska, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Territory, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Samoa, Sardegna, Society Is., South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, St.Helena, Suriname, Switzerland, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Uruguay, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia

Spanish
Hierba dulce.

Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 26, 2007 Heath, A. [888], Botswana K000731132
Sep 1, 2005 Darbyshire, I. [320], Cameroon K000199950
Jun 1, 2005 Barthelat, F. [1148], Mayotte K000731135
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [3713], Cameroon K000107852
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1627], Cameroon K000107851
Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9029], Cameroon K000107853
Jan 7, 2000 Takeuchi, W. [14068], Papua New Guinea K000731001
Jan 1, 1999 Holm-Nielsen, L.B. [21093], Ecuador K000731155
Jun 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8527], Cameroon K000339562
Jun 1, 1998 Kamundi, D. [714], Cameroon K000339564
May 1, 1998 Asongani, J.N. [1334], Cameroon K000339561
Jan 1, 1998 Pollard, B.J. [48], Cameroon K000339563
Feb 1, 1996 Alers, M.P.T. [28], Gabon K000731060
Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [9682], Cameroon K000540022
Oct 1, 1993 Vidal, S. [1973], Philippines K000290390
Jan 1, 1993 Carvalho [4094], Equatorial Guinea K000731040
Jan 1, 1993 Carvalho [2104], Equatorial Guinea K000731057
Jan 1, 1991 Solomon, J.C. [18900], Bolivia K000731160
Jan 1, 1983 Fay, J.M. [4425], Central African Republic K000731056
Jan 1, 1977 Carpenter, T. [300], Maldives K000782931
Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [11276], Brazil K001075217
Jan 1, 1972 Hodd, K.T.B. [250], India K000782925
Mar 8, 1968 Nelson, D.J. [1204], Australia K000731011
Mar 5, 1968 Nelson, D.J. [1042], Australia K000731012
Dec 1, 1964 Stewart, R. R. [21343], India K000245129
Jan 1, 1964 Hutchinson, P.C. [3532], Peru K000731159
Jan 1, 1964 Irwin, H.S. [57670], Suriname K000731150
Jan 1, 1964 Royen, P. [7580], Papua New Guinea K000782993
Apr 1, 1963 Leeuwenberg, J.M. [1945], Côte d'Ivoire K000731046
Jan 1, 1963 Hooper, M.D. [90], Sierra Leone K000731041
Jan 1, 1963 Leeuwenberg, J.M. [4597], Liberia K000731042
Oct 1, 1962 Brunt, M.A. [506], Cameroon K000182160
Jan 1, 1961 Steyermark, J.A. [824], Venezuela K000731152
Mar 1, 1958 Naegele, A. [1708], Senegal K000731038
Jan 1, 1956 Santapan [289], India K000782949
Nov 4, 1950 de Haan, G.A.L. [1743], Indonesia K000782985
Jul 1, 1936 Van Leeuwen, W.M.. [10583], Papua New Guinea K000782995
Feb 11, 1935 Lei, C.L. [686], China K000782913
Jan 16, 1934 Magaramathan, D.V. [s.n.], India K000782950
Jan 1, 1919 Bünnemeijer, N. [4782], Indonesia K000782964
Jan 1, 1919 Bünnemeijer, N. [5651], Indonesia K000782961
Jan 1, 1919 Bünnemeijer, N. [3956], Indonesia K000782960
Sep 20, 1855 Poiteau [1824-07], Guyana K001075214
Hage, J.L. [932], Bahia K000003189
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [112], Brazil K000003185
Carvalho, A.M. [1345], Bahia K000003181
Luetzelburg [0], Bahia K000003177
Gardner [1188A], Pernambuco K000003191
Preston, T.A. [0], Pernambuco K000003187
Mori, S.A. [11610], Bahia K000003183
Grupo Pedra do Cavalo [119], Bahia K000003179
Gardner [1188], Pernambuco K000003192
Hage, J.L. [1410], Bahia K000003190
Preston, T.A. [0], Pernambuco K000003188
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [29], Brazil K000003186
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1019], Brazil K000003184
Salzmann [0], Bahia K000003182
Salzmann [0], Bahia K000003180
Luetzelburg [28063], Brazil K000003178
Clayton, D. [5330], Sri Lanka K000245128 epitype
Johnson [1011] K000365325 Unknown type material
s.coll. [36], Martinique K000308845
Kerr, A.F.G. [3793], Thailand K000621523
Dee [s.n.], Thailand K000682586
Phloenchit [1400], Thailand K000682589
Parry, D.E. [2], Thailand K000682590
Heckman, C.W. [138], Thailand K000682593
Migeod, F. [94], Cameroon K000182170
Brunt, M.A. [952], Cameroon K000182161
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3816], India K001117277
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3816], India K001117281
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3816], India K001117288
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3816] K001117290
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075193
Burchell [1525], Brazil K001075195
Burchell [6926], Brazil K001075204
Baldwin, J.T. Jr. [3313], Brazil K001075207
Regnell, A.F. [III 1401], Brazil K001075208
Lepschi, B.J. [2488], Australia K000731009
Clarkson, J.R. [7247], Australia K000731014
Francis, W.D. [s.n.], Australia K000731018
Parham, J.W. [7318], Fiji K000731025
Mulvany, P.M. [PMM90], Ethiopia K000731096
s.coll [10256], Zambia K000731126
Webber, O. [208], Zimbabwe K000731129
Fosberg, F.R. [49485], Seychelles K000731136
Ahles, H.E. [36249], USA K000731149
Seidenschwarz, F.G. [15412], Peru K000731158
Jongbloed, M. [1013], Oman K000782892
Kuprijanov, J. [405], Russian Federation K000782902
Bai-Zhong, X. [3636], China K000782918
Clayton, D. [5170], Sri Lanka K000782929
Parkinson, C.E. [14359], Myanmar K000782940
Soderstrom, T.R. [1654], Sri Lanka K000782946
Britto, S.J. [RHT41595], India K000782948
Holttum, R.E. [19847], Malaysia K000782953
de Vogel, E. [1000], Indonesia K000782971
Awa, D. [S47477], Malaysia K000782980
de Vogel, E. [6846], Indonesia K000782982
s.coll [18215], Philippines K000782990
Schodde, R. [4590], Papua New Guinea K000782997
Widjaja [6052A], Indonesia K000782991
Tanaka, T. [s.n.], Taiwan K000782911
Phleonchit [924], Thailand K000682578
Lock, J.M. [81191], Sudan K000731092
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3816], India K001117282
Henderson, M.R. [20488], Indonesia K000782958
Soibeh, D. [10], Malaysia K000782979
Irwin, H.S. [7487], Brazil K001075210
den Hoed [879], Thailand K000682585
Heckman, C.W. [114], Thailand K000682591
Lhotzky [s.n.], Brazil K001075201
Peterson, P.M. [9411], Ecuador K000731156
Elsener, A. [48], Indonesia K000782972
Flenley, J.R. [ANU2188], Papua New Guinea K000783000
Put [2636], Thailand K000621525
Burchell [3453], Brazil K001075196
Harley, R.M. [10819], Brazil K001075219
Smitinand, T. [1948], Thailand K000682579
Niyomdham, C. [1610], Thailand K000682580
Sibil, J. [283], Malaysia K000782975
Wong, K.M. [WTM2577], Malaysia K000782977
Stewart, R.R. [21077], India K000782937
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075194
But, P. [193], Hong Kong K000782908
Hu, S.Y. [5302], Hong Kong K000782910
Sibil, J. [185], Malaysia K000782978
Gamble, J.S. [24643], India K001082330
s.coll [ec191], Bangladesh K000782938
Amico, A. [466], Mozambique K000731121
Maitland, T.D. [350], Cameroon K000182171
Chuml, H. [55], Cameroon K000182174
Veerteegh, C. [77], India K000782994
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 3816], Malaysia K001117287
Parmanand, N. [881], India K000782928
Eiten, G. [4553], Brazil K001075216
Craven, L.A. [734], Papua New Guinea K000782996
Spruce [98], Brazil K001075202
Collins, D.J. [1898], Thailand K000682587
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3816] K001117284
Wit, P. [FHI66735], Nigeria K000731050
Banirju, R. [17567], India K000782935
Moll, E J. [1549], South Africa K000731145
Cheng [90], China K000782923
Kerr, A.F.G. [848], Thailand K000621522
Watson, F.M. [25], Australia K000731015
De Komminjs, J. [676], Mozambique K000731122
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3816] K001117283
Gould, F.W. [13655], Sri Lanka K000782947
Lorzing [11867], Indonesia K000782965
Rumuton, M. [236], Malaysia K000782974
Biswas, R. [219], Nigeria K000731032
Heckman, C.W. [137], Thailand K000682592
Bai-Zhong, X. [4239], China K000782917
Robson, N.K.B. [136], Zambia K000731130
Floto, F. [7619], Thailand K000682583
Dusén, P. [16408], Brazil K001075215
Burchell [1032], Brazil K001075198
McKee, H.S. [30552], New Caledonia K000731023
McLeish, I. [2502], Oman K000782894
Stauffer, H.U. [360], Congo K000731065
Jackson, J.K. [468], Sudan K000731093
Recd [1166], China K000782920
Ellis [13], Australia K000731016
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3816], Bangladesh K001117279
Darbyshire, P.J. [722], Papua New Guinea K000731003
Yashiroda, K. [s.n.], Japan K000782904
Specht, R.L. [1161], Australia K000731010
Wood, K.R. [5794], USA K000731020
Burchell [8690-3], Brazil K001075206
Bris, K. [10190E], Iran K000782880
Remanandan, P. [4530], India K000782926
Bauer, F. [6], Cameroon K000182168
den Hoed, G. [138], Thailand K000682584
Andena, B. [1815], Colombia K000731151
Conklin, H.C. [668], Philippines K000782987
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3816] K001117285
Smitinand, T. [5974], Thailand K000682588
Verdcourt, B. [5159], Papua New Guinea K000731005
Lugas, L. [2558], Malaysia K000782976
Rodusay, T.A. [7a], South Africa K000731146
Pahot [10123E], Iran K000782887
Wiggins, I.L. [18478], Ecuador K000731153
Subham, D [102], Portugal K000782901
Maitland, T.D. [19], Cameroon K000182162
Put [21], Thailand K000621524
Clayton, W.D. [4395], Brazil K001075213
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3816] K001117278
Mueller, F. [68], Brazil K001075211
Sandermann, O. [992], Philippines K000782986
Maitland, T.D. [0s.n135], Cameroon K000182172
Kornns, J. [3137], Zambia K000731131
Sorensen, Th. [3568], Thailand K000682582
Archbold, N.E. [s.n.], Tanzania K000731116
Burchell [8649-3], Brazil K001075205
Meijer, W. [39553], Malaysia K000782973
McKee, H.S. [6625], New Caledonia K000731024
s.coll. [125], Martinique K000308844
Leistner [225], Namibia K000731139
Adjamohaun, E. [426A], Côte d'Ivoire K000731045
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 3816], Malaysia K001117286
Hoogland, R.D. [3250], Papua New Guinea K000731007
Lazarides, M. [5661], Australia K000731017
Magogo, F. [872], Kenya K000731114
Kermode, C.W.D. [16657], Myanmar K000782941
Linder, D.H. [510], Liberia K000731043
Preuss, P.R. [1139], Cameroon K000182169
Raizada, M.B. [22786], India K000782924
Williams, T.L. [3], Ghana K000731049
Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Portugal K000782900
Pandeya, S.C. [1502], India K000782932
Swire, P.W. [0s.n001], Cameroon K000182173
s.coll [20138], China K000782916
Savatier, L. [1471], Japan K000782906
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3816] K001117289
Robinson, A. Jr. [2658], USA K000731148
Bunyes, A. [K46], Nauru K000731022
Darbyshire, P.J. [7876], Papua New Guinea K000731004
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075190
Chevallier, A. [44529], Cape Verde K000731037
Tsang, W.T. [284], China K000782914
Wright [s.n.], Jamaica K001075189
Hennipman, E. [5033], Indonesia K000782981
Rai [3], India K000782934
Waytan, M.A. [4013], Congo K000731059
Maikin, L. [117179], Malaysia K000782968
Millar, A.N. [NGF35333], Papua New Guinea K000731002
Van der Ben, D. [1234], Congo K000731064
Heath, A. [1187], Botswana K000731133
Van der Ben, D. [1235], Congo K000731066
Robinson, H.C. [s.n.], Indonesia K000782963
Peterson, P.M. [15097], Peru K000731157
Burchell [983], Brazil K001075199
Virgo, K.J. [3], Côte d'Ivoire K000731044
Tsang, W.T. [354], China K000782915
Simpson, D.A. [8994], Brunei K000782969
Gutierrez, H.G. [s.n.], Philippines K000782989
Madsen, J.E. [63056], Ecuador K000731154
Swanson [s.n.], Brazil K001075200
de Vogel, E. [4531], Indonesia K000782984
Maitland, T.D. [353], Cameroon K000182175
Pedder, J. W. R. [27], Cameroon K000182166
Sorensen, Th. [1513], Thailand K000682581
Harper, D. [s.n.], Portugal K000782899
Tsiang, Y. [2808], China K000782919
Folli, D.A. [2675], Brazil K001075218
Wohlhauser, S. [SW60048], Madagascar K000731137
Lwin, U.T. [123], Myanmar K000782939
Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001075212
Dahlsteand, A. [s.n.], Japan K000782907
Burchell [8430-2], Brazil K001075203
Widjaja [6312], Indonesia K000782992
Tweedie [1333], Brazil K001075209
Hennipman, E. [5031], Indonesia K000782983
Mhoro, B. [2239], Tanzania K000731115
Elmer, A.D.E. [22385], Philippines K000782988
Hammil, M. [3001], Malaysia K000782952
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3816], India K001117280
Leuenberger, E.B. [1097], Togo K000731048
Wallace, E.L. [227], Myanmar K000782943
Chung, H.H. [2406], China K000782922
Lace, J.H. [4319], Myanmar K000782942
Van Cuylenberg, B.W.B. [GT34], Sri Lanka K000782930
Vennugopal, N. [RHT18809], India K000782936
Charter, J. R. [36988], Cameroon K000182165
Florence, J. [5595], French Polynesia K000731019
Bennett, F. [s.n.], Australia Eleusine indica var. monostachya K000907234 Unknown type material

First published in Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 8 (1788)

Accepted by

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  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
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  • Baliousis, E. (2014). Recent data from the flora of the island of Limnos (NE Aegean, Greece): new alien invasive species affecting the agricultural economy of the island Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 275-285.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
  • Damanakis, M. & Scholz, H. (1990). Phytogeographical notes on the Poaceae of Greece Willdenowia 19: 413-423.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dickoré, W.B. & Springer, S. (2016). Weitere Notizen zur Flora von München Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 86: 262-276.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
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  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
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  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
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  • Parham, B.E.V. (1971). The Vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll New Zealand Journal of Botany 9: 576-609.
  • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Reddy, G.V.P. (2011). Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 41: 263-274.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
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  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
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  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Plants and People Africa
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Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
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Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
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