1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Coffea L.
      1. Coffea liberica W.Bull

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda and N. Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Tree up 20 m. or sometimes a bush 3–8 m. tall; young branches thick, glabrous, covered with light brown shiny bark.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly obovate to obovate or elliptic to broadly elliptic, 14–38 cm. long, 5.5–20.5 cm. wide, rounded, obtuse, rounded and then shortly acuminate or rarely acute at apex, acute to cuneate at base, stiffly papery to moderately coriaceous; dull to shiny above, somewhat undulate; lateral nerves (7–)8–13 main pairs; domatia frequently situated across the base of the lateral nerves or occasionally in the axil, glabrous to sparsely pubescent; petiole 0.8–2 cm. long; stipules triangular-ovate or sometimes almost truncate, 2–4.5 mm. long, obtuse or sometimes acute.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous or 6–9-merous, 4–30(–50) per axil, borne in 1–3 or more congested fascicles; peduncle ± obsolete at flowering stage; usually 1–3 compressed branches present; bracteoles up to 2 mm. long, unlobed or rarely with small subfoliaceous lobes.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 1.75–2.5(–3.6) mm. long; limb reduced to a rim.
    Corolla
    Corolla sometimes slightly fleshy; tube 4–13 mm. long, up to 4 mm. wide at throat; lobes oblong, 8–16 mm. 3–6 mm. wide, rounded or obtuse.
    Fruits
    Fruit red or streaked, oblong-ellipsoid or rather broadly oblong, sometimes narrowing towards base, 1.2–2.2 cm. long, 0.9–1.6 cm. wide; disc accrescent and prominent or scar-like in fruit.
    Seeds
    Seeds fawnish green, 0.7–1.5 cm. long, 0.6–1 cm. wide.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1300 - 1500 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Arbolito
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    An evergreen tree, to 60 ft. high
    Ecology
    Spontaneous in the understorey of rain forest
    Note
    Also commonly cultivated.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Brazil Southeast, Chad, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Panamá, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Coffea liberica W.Bull appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13642], Cameroon K000580300
    Dec 1, 2003 Biye, E. [116], Cameroon K000746483
    May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2391], Cameroon K000051261
    May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2849], Cameroon K000051262
    May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2123], Cameroon K000051260
    Jan 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7819], Cameroon K000198533
    Jan 1, 1996 Royaux [s.n.], Congo, DRC K000430932 syntype
    Jan 1, 1996 Royaux [s.n.], Congo, DRC K000430933 syntype
    Jan 1, 1996 Royaux [s.n.], Congo, DRC K000430934 syntype
    Jan 9, 1957 s.coll. [s.n.], Indonesia K000763182
    Jan 9, 1957 s.coll. [s.n.], Indonesia K000763181
    Chevalier, A. [5200], Chad K000430936
    Thomas, D.W. [594], Cameroon 43497.000
    Zenker, G.A. [3335], Cameroon K000430935
    Afzelius [63], Liberia K000265055 Unknown type material
    Klaine, R.P. [1838], Gabon K000430930
    Klaine, R.P. [1838], Gabon K000430929
    Klaine, R.P. [1838], Gabon K000430931

    First published in Nursery Cat. (William Bull) 97: 4 (1874)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Figueiredo, E. (2007). The Rubiaceae of Cabinda (Angola) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 455-495.
    • Davis, A.P., Govaerts, R., Bridson, D.M. & Stoffelen, P. (2006). An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 152: 465-512.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Davis, A.P. (2005-). Personal communication on Rubiaceae 1 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. iv., ed. 2, 3: 291, t. 359, 5-9
    • Chev. Caf. du Globe 2: t. 1: 3: 170.
    • Lebrun Inst. Roy Colon. Belge, sect. sci. Nat. et Méd., Mém. 11, 3: 153, tt. 15-19 (q.v. for syn.)
    • F.T.A. 3: 181
    • in Trans. Linn. Soc., ser. 2, 1: 171, t. 24 (1876)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Davis, A.P. (2005-). Personal communication on Rubiaceae 1 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bridson in Kew Bulletin 40: 806 (1985).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 154, fig. 231 (1963).
    • Haarer, Modern Coffee Prod.: 22 (1962).
    • Wellman, Coffee: 76 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 492 (1949).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 204 (1949).
    • A. Chev., Caféiers du Globe 3: 170 (1947).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert: 354 (1947).
    • A. Chev., Caféiers du Globe 2: t. 1 (1942)
    • Lebrun in Mém. Inst. Roy. Col. Belge, Sect. Sci. Méd. 8°11 (3): 153, t. I/12, III/7, XV, XIX (1941).
    • A. Chev., Caféiers du Globe 1: 75, fig. 11, 12 (1929).
    • Cheney, Coffee, Monogr. Econ. Sp.: 76, t. 28–35 (1925).
    • De Wild. in Ann. Jard. Buitenz., suppl. 3, 1: 373 (1910).
    • De Wild., Miss. Laurent: 338, t. 104 (1906)
    • De Wild., Les Caféiers: 39 (1901)
    • De Wild. in Actes Congr. Intern. Bot., Paris: 237 (1900)
    • Froehner in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 25: 269 (1898).
    • Froehner in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 1: 233 (1897)
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 181 (1877), pro parte, excl. pl. ex Angola.
    • Hiern in Trans. Linn. Soc., Bot. sér. 2, 1: 171, t. 24 (1876)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0