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This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Africa.
Galium spurium

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Weak scrambling herb 0.3–1.8 m. long, with prickly but otherwise glabrous stems.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves and stipules in whorls of 6–8; blades linear-lanceolate or linear-oblanceolate, 1–4(–4.7) cm. long, 1–3(–6) mm. wide, with a filiform acumen at the apex, cuneate at the base; margins and midvein with coarse recurved prickles, making the whole plant harshly adhesive.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 1–9-flowered, but sometimes with many of the fruits borne on apparent unbranched peduncles arising from nodes of the main stem or main branches; peduncles and pedicels 0–3.2(–3.7) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube 0.5–0.65 mm. long, 0.8–1.1 mm. wide, hairy or glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla greenish white, white, green or yellowish, 1–2 mm. wide; tube 0.3–0.4 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.7–1.1 mm. long, 0.5–0.6 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Cocci of fruit 1–3 mm. in diameter, glabrous or hairy.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Scrambling annual with prickly or scabrid stems
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in whorls of 6–8; blades narrowly lanceolate to narrowly obovate, 1–4 x 0.1–0.7 cm, acuminate at the apex, margins and midvein below with recurved prickles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 1–9-flowered, sometimes many flowers solitary on unbranched peduncles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, greenish or yellowish, 1–2 mm in diam. Mericarps 1–3 mm in diam., glabrous or hairy.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Illinois, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Morocco, Netherlands, New Brunswick, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Amur, Finland, Great Britain, New Mexico, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

Galium spurium L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 106 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Aistova, E. (2009). Check-list of adventive flora of Amur region Turczaninowia 12(1-2): 17-40.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Krendl, F. (2014). Die Rubiaceae in Albanien: Zytologie, Ökologie und Verbreitung der bisher nachgewisenen Taxa Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, B 116: 119-151.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Malyschev, L.I., Peshkova, G.A. & Baikov, K.S. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 14: 1-210. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Thompson, I.R. (2009). A revision of Asperula and Galium (Rubieae: Rubiaceae) in Australia Muelleria 27: 36-112.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aistova, E. (2009). Check-list of adventive flora of Amur region Turczaninowia 12(1-2): 17-40.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ehrendorfer, F., Schönbeck-Temesy, E., Puff, C. & Rechinger, W. (2005). Rubiaceae Flora Iranica 176: 1-287. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thompson, I.R. (2009). A revision of Asperula and Galium (Rubieae: Rubiaceae) in Australia Muelleria 27: 36-112.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 411 (1974).
  • Clapham, Tutin & Warburg, Fl. Brit. Is., ed. 2: 785 (1962).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 106 (1753).
  • Pobed. in Fl. U.R.S.S. 23: 306 (1958).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/