1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Galium L.
      1. Galium spurium L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Weak scrambling herb 0.3–1.8 m. long, with prickly but otherwise glabrous stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves and stipules in whorls of 6–8; blades linear-lanceolate or linear-oblanceolate, 1–4(–4.7) cm. long, 1–3(–6) mm. wide, with a filiform acumen at the apex, cuneate at the base; margins and midvein with coarse recurved prickles, making the whole plant harshly adhesive.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes 1–9-flowered, but sometimes with many of the fruits borne on apparent unbranched peduncles arising from nodes of the main stem or main branches; peduncles and pedicels 0–3.2(–3.7) cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 0.5–0.65 mm. long, 0.8–1.1 mm. wide, hairy or glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla greenish white, white, green or yellowish, 1–2 mm. wide; tube 0.3–0.4 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.7–1.1 mm. long, 0.5–0.6 mm. wide.
    Fruits
    Cocci of fruit 1–3 mm. in diameter, glabrous or hairy.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Illinois, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Libya, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Morocco, Netherlands, New Brunswick, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Amur, Finland, Great Britain, New Mexico, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

    Galium spurium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 106 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Krendl, F. (2014). Die Rubiaceae in Albanien: Zytologie, Ökologie und Verbreitung der bisher nachgewisenen Taxa Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, B 116: 119-151.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Thompson, I.R. (2009). A revision of Asperula and Galium (Rubieae: Rubiaceae) in Australia Muelleria 27: 36-112.
    • Aistova, E. (2009). Check-list of adventive flora of Amur region Turczaninowia 12(1-2): 17-40.
    • Malyschev, L.I., Peshkova, G.A. & Baikov, K.S. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 14: 1-210. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Thompson, I.R. (2009). A revision of Asperula and Galium (Rubieae: Rubiaceae) in Australia Muelleria 27: 36-112.
    • Aistova, E. (2009). Check-list of adventive flora of Amur region Turczaninowia 12(1-2): 17-40.
    • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ehrendorfer, F., Schönbeck-Temesy, E., Puff, C. & Rechinger, W. (2005). Rubiaceae Flora Iranica 176: 1-287. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 411 (1974).
    • Clapham, Tutin & Warburg, Fl. Brit. Is., ed. 2: 785 (1962).
    • Pobed. in Fl. U.R.S.S. 23: 306 (1958).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 106 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0