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  1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Heinsia DC.
      1. Heinsia crinita (Wennberg) G.Taylor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Compact shrub or small tree (0.2)1.5–7.5(12?) m tall; stems glabrous to bristly-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1.2–14 × 0.4–7.1 cm, narrowly to broadly elliptic to oblong or lanceolate, slightly to markedly acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous to slightly bristly-pubescent above, sparsely to densely bristly-pubescent on the venation beneath; tertiary venation obscure to very evident; petiole 1–8 mm long; stipules 1.5–5 mm long, bifid, soon falling.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented, solitary or in lax terminal cymes; peduncles (including stalks of solitary flowers) 0.2–4 cm long; pedicels 1–3 mm long. Style reaching about halfway up the tube in short-styled flowers, the stigmas 3 mm long, the anthers not exserted but situated just below the throat. Stigmas 2–4 mm long in long-styled flowers, exserted, the anthers 2–3 mm below the throat.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 3 mm long, turbinate, appressed bristly-pubescent; lobes 5–6, 3.5–21 × 0.8–8.5 mm, oblong, elliptic or lanceolate, rarely ovate, clawed at the base, often quite leaf-like.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, the tube greenish outside, the throat hairs yellow; tube 1.5–3 cm long, appressed pubescent outside with ± stiff hairs; lobes very variable in size and shape, (1)1.8–2.8(3.5) × (0.5)1.1–1.5 cm, linear-oblong to broadly elliptic, shortly apiculate at the apex, densely puberulous.
    Long-styled
    Stigmas 2–4 mm long in long-styled flowers, exserted, the anthers 2–3 mm below the throat.
    Short-styled
    Style reaching about halfway up the tube in short-styled flowers, the stigmas 3 mm long, the anthers not exserted but situated just below the throat.
    Fruits
    Fruit 0.8–1.8 × 0.8–1.4 cm, oblong-ellipsoid to subglobose, sparsely shortly bristly pubescent, mostly crowned with the persistent calyx lobes.
    Seeds
    Seeds blackish, about 1.3 mm long, ± triangular in outline, strongly compressed, deeply pitted.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Compact shrub or small tree (0.2–)1.5–7.5(?–12) m. tall; stems glabrous to bristly pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly to broadly elliptic to oblong or lanceolate, 1.2–14 cm. long, 0.4–7.1 cm. wide, slightly to markedly acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous to slightly bristly pubescent above, sparsely to densely bristly pubescent on the venation beneath; tertiary venation obscure to very evident; petiole 1–8 mm. long; stipules 1.5–5 mm. long, bifid, soon falling.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweetly scented, solitary or in lax terminal cymes; peduncles (including stalks of solitary flowers) 0.2–4 cm. long; pedicels 1–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube turbinate, 3 mm. long, adpressed bristly pubescent; lobes 5–6, oblong, elliptic or lanceolate, rarely ovate, 0.35–2.1 cm. long, 0.8–8.5 mm. wide, clawed at the base, often quite leaf-like.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, the tube greenish outside, the throat hairs yellow; tube 1.5–3 cm, long, adpressed pubescent outside with ± stiff hairs; lobes linear-oblong to broadly elliptic, very variable in size and shape, (1–) 1.8–2.8(–3.5) cm. long, (0.5–)1.1–1.5 cm. wide, shortly apiculate at the apex, densely puberulous.
    Pistil
    Stigmas 2–4 mm. long in long-styled flowers, exserted, the anthers 2–3 mm. below the throat; style reaching ± halfway up the tube in short-styled flowers, the stigmas 3 mm. long, the anthers not exserted but situated just below the throat.
    Fruits
    Fruit oblong-ellipsoid to subglobose, 0.8–1.8 cm. long, 0.8–1.4 cm. wide, sparsely shortly brisdy pubescent, mostly crowned with the persistent calyx-lobes.
    Seeds
    Seeds blackish ± triangular in outline, ± 1.3 mm. long, strongly compressed; testa deeply pitted.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A branching shrub in secondary forest or a small understorey tree in high forest, 8-25 ft. sometimes up to 40 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white with yellow throat-hairs
    Fruits
    Fruits yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Heinsia crinita (Wennberg) G.Taylor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2007 Burgt, X.M. van der [882], Cameroon K000518694
    Jul 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11181], Cameroon K000461021
    Jul 1, 2006 Harvey, Y.B. [158], Cameroon K000461022
    Jul 1, 2006 Darbyshire, I. [192], Cameroon K000461023
    Jan 1, 2002 Cable, S. [2718], Cameroon K000109708
    Jan 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4449], Cameroon K000109709
    Jan 1, 1995 Khayota, B. [572], Cameroon K000086236
    Dec 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [474], Cameroon K000086247
    Jan 1, 1994 Baker, W.J. [333], Cameroon K000086243
    Jan 1, 1994 Baker, W.J. [222], Cameroon K000086246
    Jan 1, 1994 Watts, J. [522], Cameroon K000086238
    Jan 1, 1994 Watts, J. [662], Cameroon K000086240
    Jan 1, 1994 Watts, J. [912], Cameroon K000086241
    Jan 1, 1994 Watts, J. [619], Cameroon K000540939
    Jan 1, 1994 Akogo, M. [76], Cameroon K000086245
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [176], Cameroon K000086237
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [118], Cameroon K000086239
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [751], Cameroon K000086244
    Jan 1, 1994 Tekwe, C. [88], Cameroon K000086242
    Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [294], Cameroon K000086250
    Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [50], Cameroon K000086251
    Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1164], Cameroon K000086248
    Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1215], Cameroon K000086249
    Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1405], Cameroon K000086253
    Jan 1, 1992 Jaff, B. [55], Cameroon K000086252
    Jan 1, 1992 Jaff, B. [209], Cameroon K000540958
    Wild, H. [44877], Zimbabwe 881.000
    Mildbraed [8837], Cameroon K000414741
    Mildbraed [8837], Cameroon K000414742
    Sonké, B. [308], Cameroon K000093856

    Bibliography

    First published in A.W.Exell, Cat. Vasc. Pl. S. Tomé: 209 (1944)

    Accepted by

    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Figueiredo, E. (2007). The Rubiaceae of Cabinda (Angola) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 455-495.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in Exell Cat. S. Tomé 209 (1944).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E. (2007). The Rubiaceae of Cabinda (Angola) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 154: 455-495.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Hallé in Fl. Gabon 12, Rubiacées, 1: 132, t. 26 (1966).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 161, fig. 232 (1963).
    • G. Taylor in Exell, Cat. Vasc. Pl. S. Tomé: 209 (1944).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0