1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ixora L.
      1. Ixora scheffleri K.Schum. & K.Krause

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Small tree or shrub 6–17 m tall; young branches glabrous, older branches covered with greyish-buff flaky bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous; blades drying brown or greenish, never markedly discolorous, 3–18 × 1.2–6 cm, elliptic to oblong-elliptic or oblong-oblanceolate, acute to acuminate or occasionally obtuse at apex, cuneate or occasionally obtuse to rounded at base, membranous, slightly shiny or less often dull above; lateral nerves in 6–17 main pairs, not impressed above; tertiary nerves usually distinctly discolorous beneath; petiole 0.3–1.6 cm long.
    Stipules
    Stipule limbs 2–5 mm long, truncate, keeled, with a subulate to filiform apical lobe up to 5 mm long, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 2.5–13.5 cm across; peduncle (0.4)1–9.7 cm long, glabrous or occasionally glabrescent; primary inflorescence branches (0.5)0.7–4.5 cm long, glabrous or puberulous; pedicels 0–1(2) mm long; subtending leaves with blades 1.2–9.3 × 1–5.8 cm, oblong-elliptic, rounded or obtuse at base with petioles 0.3(5) mm long; bracteoles present at base of calyx tube, triangular to subulate, up to half as long as the tube.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous; tube 1–1.5 mm long; limb-tube 0.25–0.75 mm long; lobes 0.25–0.5 mm long, shortly triangular, acute to rounded.
    Corolla
    Corolla white flushed with pink; tube 0.8–2.5 cm long, c. 1 mm wide at top; lobes 4–6(7) × 2–3 mm, oblong-elliptic or narrowly obovate, rounded or sometimes obtuse.
    Fruits
    Fruit red, 8–10 mm in diameter (often galled with corolla persistent).
    Seeds
    Seeds pale brown, 6.5 mm wide.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Small tree or shrub 6–17 m. tall; young branches glabrous; older branches covered with greyish-buff flaky bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous; blades drying brown or greenish, never markedly discolourous, chartaceous, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 3–18 cm. long, 1.2–6 cm. wide, acute to acuminate or occasionally obtuse at apex, cuneate to occasionally rounded at base, slightly shiny or less often dull above, with 8–18 pairs of lateral nerves, not impressed above, tertiary nerves usually distinctly discolourous beneath; petiole 0.3–1.6 cm. long; stipule-limbs truncate, 2–5 mm. long; lobes keeled below, subulate to filiform above, up to 5 mm. long, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Corymbs 2.5–13.5 cm. across; peduncle (0.4–)1–9.7 cm. long, glabrous or occasionally glabrescent; primary inflorescence-branches (0.5–)0.7–4.5 cm. long, glabrous or puberulous; pedicels 0–1(–2) mm. long; inflorescence-supporting leaf-blades oblong-elliptic to broadly oblong-elliptic, 1.2–9.3 cm. long, 1–5.8 cm. wide, rounded or obtuse at base; petioles 0.3(–5) mm. long; bracteoles triangular to subulate, present at base of calyx-tube, up to half as long as the tube.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous; tube 1–1.5 mm. long; limb-tube 0.25–0.75 mm. long; lobes shortly triangular, 0.25–0.5 mm. long, acute, obtuse or rounded.
    Corolla
    Corolla white flushed with pink; tube 0.8–2.5 cm. long, ± 1 mm. wide at top; lobes oblong-elliptic or narrowly obovate, 4–6(–7) mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, rounded or sometimes obtuse.
    Fruits
    Fruit red, 0.8–1 cm. in diameter (often galled with corolla persistent).
    Seeds
    Seed pale brown, 6.5 mm. wide.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Ixora scheffleri K.Schum. & K.Krause appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Patel, H. [8014], Mozambique K000614340
    Timberlake, J. [5224], Mozambique K000613952
    Timberlake, J. [5112], Mozambique K000613492
    Balansa, M. [338], New Caledonia K000763412
    Mphamba [93], Mozambique K000614305

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 553 (1907)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bridson in Kew Bulletin 32: 603 (1978).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 502 (1949).
    • K. Schum. & K. Krause in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 39: 553 (1907).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0