1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Morinda L.
      1. Morinda citrifolia L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Queensland, Santa Cruz Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Belize, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Line Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niue, Panamá, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Venezuelan Antilles, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is.

    Morinda citrifolia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2014 I Komang Sujata (Sujata) [IKS 20], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734847
    Jan 1, 2014 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [22], Bali K000734793
    Jan 1, 2014 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [1], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734794
    Jan 1, 2014 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [5], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734795
    Jan 1, 2014 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [8], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734796
    Jan 1, 2014 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [11], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734797
    Jan 1, 2014 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [14], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734798
    Jan 1, 2014 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [13], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734799
    Jul 1, 2013 Wilhelmus Daos Kadati (Willy) [WDK 003], Lesser Sunda Is. K000733744
    Jul 1, 2013 Wilhelmus Daos Kadati (Willy) [WDK 004], Lesser Sunda Is. K000733742
    Jul 1, 2013 Wilhelmus Daos Kadati (Willy) [WDK 010], Lesser Sunda Is. K000733741
    Jul 1, 2013 Wilhelmus Daos Kadati (Willy) [WDK 005], Lesser Sunda Is. K000733740
    Jul 1, 2013 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [43], Lesser Sunda Is. K000733743
    Apr 22, 2008 I Made Maduarta [88], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734557
    40702.000
    Waterhouse, J.H.L. [163], Solomon Is. 14514.000
    Jeffrey, C. [810], Seychelles 22920.000
    Hutson, A.M. [20], British Indian Ocean Territory 34461.000
    Jowett, F.W. [45] 45785.000
    Stocks, J.E. [s.n.], India K000031566 Unknown type material
    Wheatley, J.I. [684], Vanuatu 54996.000
    Sumithraarachchi, D.B. [DBS681], Sri Lanka K000265591
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K000763780
    Horsfield, T. [900], Jawa K000763779
    Wallich, N. [8418 D], India K000031562 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [8418], India K000031564 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [8418 H], India K000031563 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [8419], India K000031565 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8418], Myanmar K001125445
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8418], Malaysia K001125451
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8418], Myanmar K001125452
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8418], Myanmar K001125453
    Tirvengadum, D.D. [624], Sri Lanka K000265592
    Balasubramaniam, S. [SB2284], Sri Lanka K000265589
    Balasubramaniam, S. [SB2284], Sri Lanka K000265590
    Thompson, J.B. [37], Guam K000763742
    Comanor, P. L. [1011], Sri Lanka K000265587
    Waas, S. et. al. [1194], Sri Lanka K000265586
    Miquel, F.A.W. [s.n.], Indonesia K000763781
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8418], Thailand K001125444
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8418], Malaysia K001125446
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8418], India K001125447
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8418] K001125448
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8418] K001125449
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8418] K001125450
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8418] K001125454
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8418] K001125475
    Wight, R. [4], Malaysia Morinda elliptica K000763804
    Wallich, N. [8432 B] Morinda elliptica K000763805
    Wallich, N. [8420 C], Bangladesh Morinda elliptica K000763803
    Wallich, N. [8420 D], Singapore Morinda elliptica K000763809

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 176 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Borhidi, A. (2012). Rubiáceas de México, ed. 2: 1-608. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Chamchumroon, V. & Puff, C. (2003). The Rubiaceae of Ko Chang, south-eastern Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 31: 13-26.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
    • Wheatley, J.I. (1992). A guide to the common trees of Vanuatu. With lists of their traditional uses & ni-Vanuatu names: 1-308. Department of Forestry, Port Vila.
    • Smith, A.C. (1988). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 4: 1-377. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vasular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
    • Woodroffe, C.D. (1985). Vegetation and flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu Atoll Research Bulletin 283: 1-18.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Sinha, B.K. (1999). Flora of Great Nicobar Island: 1-525. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
    • Smith, A.C. (1988). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 4: 1-377. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vasular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
    • Woodroffe, C.D. (1985). Vegetation and flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu Atoll Research Bulletin 283: 1-18.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
    • Whitmore, T.C. (1966). Guide to the forests of the British Solomon islands: 1-208. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0