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  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Neuracanthus Nees

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Habit
    Perennial herbs including suffrutices with annual stems from woody rootstocks, subshrubs or shrubs; cystoliths conspicuous or not.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, entire.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal, spicate to globose, sometimes subtended by bract-like leaves, sometimes with sterile spinose inflorescences at base of or surrounding fertile inflorescences; bracts in 4 or 6 rows, imbricate, with 3–7 prominent veins, each subtending a single sessile or subsessile flower.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2-lipped, deeply divided between lips, dorsal lip 3-veined, ventral 2-veined, veins each terminating in a tooth or the teeth fused into a single apex.
    Corolla
    Corolla puberulous outside in bands along middle of lobes, inside hairy in a ventral band; basal cylindric tube short; throat broadly funnel-shaped; lobes spreading to suberect; lower lip of 3 broad triangular lobes, upper lip of 1 shortly bifid lobe.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted at base of throat, included, ventral pair inserted below dorsal pair; ventral pair with bithecous anthers, dorsal pair with monothecous anthers, thecae oblong, hairy.
    Style
    Style glabrous; stigma with a single flattened linear-oblong lobe, upper lobe missing.
    Fruits
    Capsule 2–4-seeded, oblong or triangular-ovate, usually glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds discoid, covered with hygroscopic hairs.
    Distribution
    A genus of 30 species in tropical Africa, Madagascar, Arabia and tropical Asia, especially numerous in NE and E Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Northern Provinces, Oman, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Neuracanthus Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hornby [2067A], Tanzania 17163.000

    Bibliography

    First published in N.Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 76 (1832)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 5: 137.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • —Bidgood & Brummitt in Kew Bull. 53: 1–76 (1998).
    • in De Candolle, Prodr. 11: 248 (1847).
    • in Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 76, 97 (1832).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0